Will There Be Countries on Mars?

Will There Be Countries on Mars?

What did the Soviet Union, the British, French,
Dutch, Spanish, and Portuguese Empires, along with a number of others enjoy with great enthusiasm? Lines. Not zip lines, light rail lines, or tan lines. Well, actually tan lines would be acceptable
considering these empire’s love of colonizing the Caribbean and other warm climates. Anyways, I’m talking about the border kind
of line. These empires loved to carve up whatever they
could into sections with panhandles, islands, enclaves, exclaves, and all sorts of straight
and jagged lines. The rest of the world was basically a cake,
and organizations such as the Royal Navy were the knives to cut it. To this day, lines have a massive impact on
our societies, with different governments, religious views, and economic prosperity shaping
the way we live, and what is yet to come. These lines however, are all on Earth. What’s going to happen to the cosmos? Mars in particular. People may say colonizing the cosmos will
be done in the name of human spirit, but that won’t change the ideologies of private property
and nationalism for the people leaving our planet. The very reason we are in this position to
begin with is because of two competing countries. Without competition from the Soviets, NASA
never would have received 4.5 % of the US national budget, and never would have put
a man on the moon. Is it inevitable that Mars will be divided
up, and then become its own country or countries? There’s one major roadblock preventing this. Nobody can own land on Mars, or anywhere outside
of Earth. Why? Because of the Outer Space Treaty signed during
the cold war. The only thing you own and control is the
material you bring into space. You also can’t prevent others from using the
area around you so so much for lines. So, can you have a country with no territory? Sure you can. As long as you have a society and government
that is not somebody else’s puppet show or site of exploitation, regardless of the
intent of the puppet master, then you’re good. At least on Mars. But, if we were to send people to Mars right
now, it would be far from independent. For obvious reasons, each and every site containing
humans on Mars would have to be affiliated with a space agency. On earth, if your village is on fire, what
do you do? You run away of course. As you can see, it isn’t exactly so easy on
Mars. If your base is destroyed, you are going to
die. You have no way of communicating with anyone
else, and sooner rather than later, your oxygen will run out. You need a space agency to seek assistance,
provide guidance, and monitor safety procedures such as oxygen levels. Say the permanent population on Mars significantly
increases and different bases are able to support each other in times of crisis. Would citizens feel a greater connection to
Martian-humans of other ethnicities, or Earth-humans of the same ethnicity. In times of crisis, conflict, or destitution,
humans tend to either sabotage each other, or culturally associate themselves with their
neighbors. Since missions to Mars would be so important
and fragile, I’m going to go with the second option. The first world war is a great example of
this in Canada and the United States. Both countries were to a certain extent patchworks
of regions and ethnicities, not truly united. Then, world war 1 came about and it united
the regions and ethnicities together into 2 united nations of people. Instead of worrying about domestic issues,
all of that hostility was directed towards a common enemy. Isolation is also a considerable factor when
considering culture and identification. Both Canada and the United States were left
in geographic isolation from the British for a few hundred years after colonization, thus
making Canadians generally feel more culturally connected with other Canadians, and to a certain
extent, Americans, than Britons. For example, baseball is commonly played across
North America in both Canada and the United States, while you likely won’t find a field
in Britain. Cricket on the other hand is quite popular
in Britain, while cricket pitches are hard to come by in North America. The point is, it is safe to say that people
on Mars, especially after a new generation is born on the red planet who do not know
what life on Earth is like, will identify with other humans on Mars than people on Earth,
even if they may or may not speak the same first language or hail from the same country. It is also likely that children born on Mars
will have bone problems and won’t be able to withstand the Earth’s gravity, giving
absolutely no justifiable reason to visit Earth. On top of that, martian humans will look different
by being taller due to the weaker gravity. The other question that needs to be asked
is “would space agencies on Earth let humans on Mars rule themselves?” They most likely will. If the population on Mars becomes large enough
to be considered a society, rather than just a few people, Earth likely would have no problem
granting independence for Mars. Why? Economics. Contrary to what happened to the 13 colonies,
there is no money to be made from Mars. All the capital poured in to funding Mars
missions is simply for the purposes of science, engineering, and innovation, not for industry
and exportation. There is no lumber, cotton, or anything else
to profit from. Although there are countless valuable minerals
on Mars, none of them are of enough value to financially justify transportation to Earth. The only people who could use anything of
value found on Mars would be people on Mars themselves. Space agencies and governments could continue
to fund experiments and missions, knowing full well that the funding is for the exact
same things as they were before, and at a reduced liability. If agencies and governments on Earth said
no, that would be quite foolish. The billions of dollars poured into this series
of expeditions would go to waste. But what about the other reason for colonization:
military. The only real value of places like Guam to
the United States, or the Cyprus territories of the United Kingdom is military and security. Would the ideology of militarized colonies
or territories continue on the red planet. Unfortunately for Imperialism, militants,
and the not yet existing MRA, Martian Rifle Association, but fortunately for almost everybody
and everything else, there will be no significant military on Mars. The Outer Space Treaty strictly says no nuclear
weapons or other weapons of mass destruction, and the usage of space is only for peaceful
purposes. Bye bye death Star. But there’s one thing we’re not talking about. Corporations. Many of the serious planned missions to Mars,
or at least those that make headlines in the media, are owned and operated by private companies. Companies like SpaceX and not for profit’s
like Mars One are just some of the leaders in the industry. If a company sends billions of dollars in
equipment to another planet, is it grand theft for people on Mars to declare themselves independent
or disobey SpaceX and use the equipment? According to the Outer Space Treaty, if a
corporation launches a rocket, registered in a given country, that country is responsible
for anything the corporation does in outer space. So by extension, the United States would probably
be responsible for making sure SpaceX’s rights as a corporation, whatever they may
be in the near future, are not violated. They would also be responsible in guaranteeing
human rights to those on the red planet. Whether or not the United States would want
to take action against the passively rebellious martian colonists is uncertain, and it’s
unlikely they, or any government or corporation could do anything about it, considering it
would take anywhere from 6 months to 3 years to get there, as of recent technology. So basically, anybody on Mars would be free
from the laws of the Earth. Speaking of laws on Earth, the Outer Space
Treaty is one of them. Simply an Earth law. Every clause concerning weapons, national
claims to sovereignty, and liabilities of states, is nothing more than words on a sheet
of paper, millions of kilometers away. Only the countries who have signed the treaty
are liable to follow it. If Angola, a country who did not sign the
agreement, were to put weapons on the moon, or claim the sun as their own, they wouldn’t
be breaking the law. Sure they might be condemned and sanctioned
by other countries, but they wouldn’t have committed a crime. Any country formed on Mars would also have
never signed the treaty. Although they might due to goodwill, they
are not obligated to. Another interesting thing is an amendment
made to the Outer Space Treaty called the rescue clause, which basically says if you
are able to, you must provide assistance and safety to those who need it in outer space. An organization like the European Space Agency
would be required to follow this law, as almost all European countries are parties in the
agreement. But, as we just discussed, a sovereign state
on Mars would not have to reciprocate that. In theory, they could request assistance whenever
they need it, knowing full well organizations on Earth in the area would have to help them,
while not having to return the favour. Although this may be unlikely, what happens
later on, when millions of people call the red planet home? Different societies will begin to develop. Although Martian-humans will feel much more
connected to other Martian-humans than Earth-humans, the Martian-humans will begin to break apart
over time, naturally forming cultural differences and regional governments, who may have their
own space treaties in due time. These societies will have wildly different
ideologies concerning property, freedoms, laws, and beliefs than those on Earth. Earth may try and control people on Mars,
but only the people on Mars will decide their sovereignty. Assuming humanity gets to this point, Mars
will eventually be at least one country, and possibly many nations of people. The Outer Space Treaty as we know it today
could be drastically different in the near future, or be replaced entirely by something
else. What people on Mars consider a country or
a government, or even a society could be unrecognizable to us humans on Earth today. Who knows what the future holds. And until next time, thanks for watching.

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About the Author: Oren Garnes


  1. Tell me what you think of this type of video and video format. Was it too long? Was the music satisfactory? More Mars?

  2. I was wondering, before I watched the video, what parts of the outer space treaty you will cover, so I could learn something more about it.

  3. Great video but this relies on people following the outer space treaty all it take is one nation, say America, to claim a moon or colony and everyone will panic and start claiming land like the scramble for Africa, so if its profitable what’s to stop nations from claiming land in space?

  4. Humans have rule humans only to their ruin. Proof of that is what is happening on earth. Look out mars!

  5. Let's face it you need guns and other types of weapons for stuff like hunting. oNE WAY OR ANOTHER FIGHTERs will likely go to mars and maybe even veterins could just retire to Mars and become some sort of law enforement like rangers or something. After all the Wild West wasn't realy that wild, it had order and structure and so Colonists going to a Terraformed Mars would want to protect themselves from wild life as well as possibly each other. And if no one is going to enforce the no you can't have guns law how are they going to do it? expecialy if people demans better ways of being able to hunt and defend themselves. No one in their right mind wants to live on a planet with Gun Control and would likely rebel against it. And this would only happen on a Terraformed Mars not a lifeless no oxygen Mars. So before countries can ever happen life must first be present to allow people to flourish and be able to survive on their own.

  6. I want to find out what countries would form on Mars not here a long talk about if countires will even be possible. If Mars ever get's life then all that is needed is for people to go there and start populating certain regions and then form goverments. Ever heard of Anarchy? yeah just because laws were made by Earth doesn't mean Marsian Settlers are gonna follow them.Once Opertunity presents itself people will get going and then no one is going to do anything about them, unless the country is doing some messed up stuff that gain earth's attention, or if a nation calls for Help down to earth because their neighbor is getting violant.
    Question is, who is most likely to come to Mars? because there are not only traditional cultures but differant new kinds of people too. There are even fictional made Up laungages made for shows, games and movies that can easily become llegitment laungages that could become a real thing if brought to Mars. Cultures people roll their eyes at on earth would be seen more as the norm on an Alien world where culture is just beganing and your surrounned more by people who understand your position and charecter. What regions would apeal to certain people? what would be good places for agraculture, and building cities and stuff like that? I'm suprised no one isn't realy discussing and talking about this sort of thing.

  7. That would be the stupidest idea since the British did that to OUR planet.
    No countries.
    No borders.
    No politicians.
    No corporations.
    No banks.
    No $$$.
    No competition.

    The Venus Project… On Mars.

  8. Is there a country without land territory?
    Yes. The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta (or Order of Malta for short). Not to be confused with the Republic of Malta which has land territory.

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