Victoria & Albert: Part 1

Victoria & Albert: Part 1


Victoria & Albert Part 1 ”He influenced me in everything” This is the mausoleum at Frogmore, close
to Windsor Castle where Queen Victoria and Prince Albert the Prince Consort
lie buried as a great-great grandson I’ve always
had a considerable fascination for them and the influence they exerted. This film
focuses perhaps rather on Prince Albert who was responsible for some of the
things we take for granted in this country today
he helped fashion the constitutional model of our monarchy he had a hand in
social reform he was a patron of the Arts and he built some of his family’s
great houses and above all he was a staunch family
man deeply in love with Queen Victoria when he died at the tragically early age
of 42 his brokenhearted Queen was left to mourn her husband for the remaining
40 years of her reign I always get a strong feeling of Queen
Victoria’s sense of loss from this photograph of mine which shows Prince
Albert and in her own handwriting Queen Victoria has written ”Beloved Papa
(meaning Albert) from poor brokenhearted mama”. When she wrote it the prince
consort had already been dead for two months no human power will make me
swerve from what he decided and wished Queen Victoria vowed sadly after the
Prince consorts death and right up until the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee in 1897 that
crowned the remaining 40 years of her lonely reign she was guided by Prince Albert the man she had loved so passionately at the beginning of her life was now no longer at her side but his legacy still lives
on here in this country he designed and built royal palaces he
modernized existing ones organisations that he headed put up great buildings before he was thirty Prince Albert
designed and built Osborne house on the Isle of Wight as a romantic hideaway for
the Queen and his family the house remains much the same as it was then a
tribute to the remarkable artistic taste of the Prince Consort
the Queen wrote in her journal the great diary she kept for 70 years ”how happy we
are here and never do I enjoy myself more then when I can be so much with my
beloved Albert and follow him everywhere” we have to remember the Queen Victoria
was only 18 when she became sovereign by the time she was 40 she was raising a
family of nine children and still her responsibilities for her country and its
colonies were enormous she’d also survived a lonely and friendless
childhood as Queen she’d grown totally dependent on Prince Albert. Victoria
wrote ”consequently I owe everything to dearest papa Albert he was my father my
protector my guide and advisor in all and everything my mother I might almost
say as well as my husband I had a very unhappy life as a child had no scope for
my violent feelings of affection had no brothers or sisters to live with never
had had a father” Princess Victoria’s childhood was spent at Kensington Palace
a few years after the Battle of Waterloo her father had died before she was one
and Victoria was brought up by her mother the Duchess of Kent and her close
confidante Sir John Conroy they devised what came
to be called the Kensington system which was a plot to make the Duchess of Kent
Regent when Victoria came to the throne their scheme was to manipulate and
coerce the young child into doing what they wanted the young princess was kept
isolated here in these apartments away from the royal court and even separate
from other children Princess Victoria was carefully shielded
and protected she had to sleep in the same room as her mother until the day
she became Queen not having many young friends and no brothers or sisters of
her own age young Princess Victoria made these dolls there were well over a
hundred of them, they were all made and the likeness of adults and they became in a
way a substitute for childhood friends in short the princess’s upbringing was
hardly the right kind of training for a monarch and it says something of the
strength of character shown by the future Queen that she survived her time
in Kensington Palace at all at exactly the same time Prince Albert
of saxe-coburg Gotha who was Princess Victoria’s first cousin was being
brought up with his brother here in Coburg in the middle of Germany the boys were raised here in Schloss Rosenau their parents were separated the mother
had gone away and their father was often out of town but in spite of that they
did manage to have a very happy childhood, it was Prince Albert’s uncle
Leopold later King of the Belgians and brother of the Duchess of Kent in London
who had decided early on that there’ll be an arranged marriage between the two
cousins Victoria and Albert, now for the relatively minor house of saxe-coburg
here in Germany to be linked by marriage to the English sovereign represented a
considerable increase in stages but what young Prince Albert lacked in
wealth he made up for in hard work and artistic and intellectual ability. Albert
and his brother Ernest were not only composers and pianist but they were also
considerable draftsman all these are by Albert and the interesting thing is I
think this one here was done when he was only seven this is a rather fine sketch
of a man in armor and this one here is of a poor lady who was about to meet
some awful fate I think as a Sabine both of them were done when he was only
13 the brothers were great lovers of natural history and they started a small
collection which later became a museum and here are some examples of what they
had collected they’re predominantly birds and this was an interest which
certainly in the case of Prince Albert was something which was with him through
all his life Dawn on the morning of June the 20th
1837 at Kensington Palace the Lord Chamberlain of England and the
Archbishop of Canterbury had ridden through the night from Windsor Castle ”Open up in the name of the Queen” it was 6 a.m. and because of the hour they were refused entry only when they
demanded to see the Queen were they let in Princess Victoria was woken and
informed in this room that her uncle King William the fourth had died during
the night dressed still in her night clothes the 18-year old now found
herself Queen. Victoria had a remarkable first day as sovereign here at Kensington palace she began by captivating all those attending her first Privy Council
meeting here in this room some of the noblest names in the land had gathered
Lord Melbourne the Prime Minister Lord John Russell, Lord Palmerston, the Great
Duke of Wellington and Sir Robert Peel that day the Queen also removed herself
from the cutters of her mother and abolished the Kensington system, in the
evening one word becaming her new independence
appeared prominently five times in her diary
”Alone, quite alone, of course quite alone and at nine came Lord Melbourne whom I
saw in my room and of course quite alone” but the young queen was not alone
the court she presided over was highly political Lord Melbourne was not only
Prime Minister and leader of the Whig party he also acted as the Queen’s
principal advisor dining and riding with Lord Melbourne most days the teenage
Queen became first dependent on his advice and then quite infatuated with a
worldly 58 year old prime minister The young queen was readily influenced by
Lord Melbourne he distrusted change and hid from her the truth about social
conditions in Britain he believed children should be put to work in
factories rather than starve he thought flogging in prisons and
treadmills was permissible and that work houses were for the social good so at a
very early age Queen Victoria’s natural sympathies were blunted by the views of
Lord Melbourne worse the court Queen Victoria had
inherited was traditionally partisan her ladies-in-waiting appointed by the party
were wives of prominent whig politicians inevitably the crown became embroiled in
a political crisis it came when Melbourne whig government was forced to
resign the young Queen was desperate at losing her father figure she wrote
tearfully at his departure ”all my happiness gone that dearest kind Lord
Melbourne no more my Minister I sobbed and cried much” and the next day at Lord Melbourne final audience ”I sobbed much and kept holding his hand for some time
fast in one of mine as if I felt that in doing so he could not leave me” then in her grief the young Queen behaved unconstitutionally ”I could eat nothing
wrote one line to the Duke of Wellington to request him to come Instead of calling upon Sir Robert Peel the leader of the opposition to form the new
government the Queen asked another close friend
the powerful Duke of Wellington the Queen was playing a dangerous political
game to get her way Wellington wisely declined, ”Mam here is
my list of cabinet appointees” the disgruntled Tory opposition leader peel
retaliated ”and my request ma’am is that you remove your ladies-in-waiting they
are political appointees” ”the Queen would not give up her ladies” ”but ma’am!” the Queen was asked to replace her ladies of the bedchamber many of whom had become
personal friends but all of whom were Whig supporters the Queen adamantly
refused in the deadlock that followed Peel said he could no longer form
government triumphant the Queen wrote back Lord Melbourne ”I was calm but very
decided the Queen of England will not submit to such trickery keep yourself in
readiness for you may soon be wanted” Queen Victoria then asked Lord Melbourne
her mentor and favorite to return and form another government and that brought
an end to what became known as the bedchamber plot it was an instant in
which the young queen was seen to exceed Her role as sovereign changes would have to be made Prince Albert of saxe-coburg Gotha just 20, found himself in this
volatile atmosphere in October 1839 to encourage the union between the two
royal households he had traveled all the way from Germany
to meet Queen Victoria at Windsor the Queen saw Prince Albert at the foot of
the main staircase that night she wrote ”it was with some emotion that I beheld
Albert who is beautiful” and then she went further
”Albert really is so excessively handsome such beautiful eyes and exquisite nose
and such a pretty mouth a beautiful figure broad in the shoulders and a fine
waist” In an instant Queen Victoria had fallen hopelessly in love by protocol
the Queen had to propose within five days she had asked Prince Albert to marry her
Albert wrote ”Dearest greatly beloved Victoria, how is it that I have deserved
so much love so much affection heaven has sent me an angel whose brightness
shall illume my life in body and soul ever your slave, Albert” what started as an arranged marriage had been transformed and became one of the most
important in British history it took place in Saint James’s Palace in February
1840, but on the wedding day itself The Times could only sneer about the young
foreigner marrying the queen the Prince began diligently looking for roles that
would enhance his prestige and influence first he turned his energies to
reorganising the antiquated royal household but Prince Albert’s most
pressing concern was to ensure the monarchies stood once and for all above
party politics with the Queen now expecting a child it was suggested that
Prince Albert should replace Lord Melbourne and act as her principal
adviser he seised the chance from then on he took notes of
ministerial meetings and drafted all the Queen’s government letters ”all I can say about my political position is that I resolutely hold myself aloof from all
parties I speak openly with the ministers on all subjects endeavor
quietly to be of as much use to Victoria in her position as I can” Sir Robert Peel
was aware of Prince Albert’s artistic talents and invited him to chair the
Royal Commission to select pictures for the newly built Palace of Westminster
Albert was just 22 he had found a role at last as an energetic facilitator of
great projects at precisely this moment a new form of picture symbolic of the
new technologies sweeping the country appeared Prince Albert was among the
first to embrace the medium of photography Prince Albert at 23 one of
the first photographic portraits ever taken in Britain
& Queen Victoria the age of 25 with eldest daughter the Princess Royal in
1844 and heres another one with Prince Albert as a mature 29 year old by now he
was becoming an innovator determined to come to grips with the great Industrial
Age sweeping Britain Britain & the rest of Europe were going
through a dramatic change the Industrial Revolution was producing great factories
and railways but alongside that came another kind of revolution social unrest
as people’s earnings and rights increased so did their aspirations but
living conditions in the centres of work did not keep pace Prince Albert
rather than the Queen was aware that the times were dangerous as royal houses on
the continent began to buckle and fall under popular revolution the Prince’s
diary for 1848 reflected his growing concerns ”7th of March the property of
the French royal family is sequestered at Paris, 10th of March riots in Munich,
17th of March great riots among the peasantry in Swabia, 18th of March News
of revolution in Berlin, 4th of April disquieting views from Ireland,11th of
April increase in Anarchy in Germany 18th of April a long conversation with
Lord Shaftesbury as to what can be done for working classes the view of the
great social reformer Lord Shaftesbury was that prince albert should use his
increasing power and prestige to put himself ”at the head of all social
movements in art and science and especially of those movements as they
bear upon the poor and thus show the interest felt by royalty in the happiness
of the kingdom” Lord Shaftesbury suggested the Prince
Albert view a new type of housing it was being built in London for workers the
Prince had already visited a slum dwelling and had been horrified
”abominable stinking holes fit neither for man nor beast Shaftesbury then asked
him to chair a meeting of the Society for improving the condition of the
labouring classes a new organization building experimental mass housing ”I
have just come from the model lodging house the opening of which we celebrate
this day and I feel convinced that its existence will by degrees cause a
complete change in the domestic comforts of the labouring classes so those who
possess capital to invest that they may do so with great profit and advantage to
themselves at the same time dispensing those comforts to the poorer
brethren” Prince Albert decided to put the Royal
Family to work against a background of demonstrations by the Chartist movement
the milder reflection here of the republicanism sweeping Europe the Royal
Family was seen increasingly among their subjects the Prince himself took a
number of roles as president of charitable and education organisations
opening new hospitals and libraries he tried to convey his genuine social
concerns to the Queen In April 1848 the Chartist movement expected to march on
Parliament with half a million men but only 23 thousand turned out, Prince Albert wrote
”we had our revolution yesterday and it went up in smoke the law was victorious
I hope this makes a good impression on the continent despite events elsewhere the crown it
seemed had never been more popular and to give the Queen and her family more
security and privacy Prince Albert had built Osborne house a country retreat on
the Isle of Wight dispensing with architects and working with expert
builders like Thomas Cubitt Prince Albert found time to design and supervise the
building of Osborne House himself its conception tells us much about the
princes ideas for fusing art with modern technology this is the drawing room used
by the Queen and her family after dinner the Prince Consort had designed it in an
L shape so that the Queen and her guests could sit here undisturbed by the
gentleman playing billiards in the other part of the room Queen Victoria actually
played billiards herself here sometimes in the afternoons Osborne was
above all a family home and by 1857 all 9 children of the royal couple had slept
in this nursery Osborne house has been left today as
though the royal couple still live there Prince Albert laid out the park planting
trees by semaphore signals from the main tower a model fort was built back in Java to teach military maneuvers Shouts: ”Charge” Children Screaming ”Come on you men” ”that is good” there was an extensive nature museum like the one of his childhood ”What is this Eagle called?’ ”White Tailed Eagle” ”and how fast can it fly?” but even at Osborne the Queen was never
far from the duties of state Prince Albert had become the power beside the
throne as he sat next to his wife drafting her letters but she was clearly
frustrated about the way successive governments had failed to recognize his
services to the country Victoria wrote ”Oh if I only could make him King” too compensate the Queen had a second door made leading into the council room at
Osborne so that they could enter simultaneously for Privy Council meetings Then came possibly Prince Albert’s
finest achievement he became the guiding force behind a
festival of art science and engineering that would capture the spirit of the
Victorian age, he had once admired the great conservatory at Chatsworth House
in Derbyshire and when it’s architect presented him with a daring plan to
house the exhibition in a palace of glass the prince approved this is the first sketch for the Great Exhibition it’s a doodle on blotting paper by
Joseph Paxton the designer of the Chatsworth Conservatory at the start the
great project hit difficulties many of the objections coming from establishment
enemies of the foreign prince the Royal Commission that the Prince chaired had two aims: it recognised the worldwide supremacy of British industry but
believed it could be further improved by exposing it to superior design from
abroad so by making the exhibition international the Commission created a
showpiece for free trade, this was strongly opposed by protectionists
within the government it was a question of whether this exhibition should be
exclusively limited to British industry particular advantage to British industry
might be derived from placing it in fair competition with that of other nations then there was a problem of Finance the
government declined to contribute so the cost of a hundred and eight thousand
pounds was raised by public subscription the Queen and the Prince provided
fifteen hundred pounds there was opposition to the use of the hyde park
site led by a vociferous MP claims were made that too many trees would have to
be felled so instead Prince Albert built the exhibition round
the elms ”Just at present I am more dead than alive from overwork the opponents
of the exhibition work with might and main to drive myself crazy” On completion
the Crystal Palace covered 16 acres was three times the length of Saint Paul’s
Cathedral and made up of two hundred and ninety three thousand panes of glass it
had been put up from scratch in six months but one hundred thousand exhibits
had still to arrive from Britain and the four corners of the world for the
opening in May 1851 ”everybody is occupied with the great day of tomorrow
and my poor Albert is terribly fagged” ”terrible trouble with the arrangements for
the opening” ”this day is one of the greatest and most
glorious days of our lives with which to my pride and joy dearly beloved Albert
is forever associated” ”the glimpse through the iron gates of the transept
the waving palms and flowers the Myriad’s of people filling the galleries
together with the flourish of trumpets as we entered the building gave a
sensation I shall never forget and I felt much moved” among the ambassador’s
at the opening was a mysterious Chinaman dressed in satin who repeatedly bowed to
the Queen tactfully Victoria included him at the procession He Sing turned out
to be an impostor he was the owner of a Chinese junk, more on the terms who
pushed his way to the front The exhibition was the greatest treasure
trove of industry art and science the world had ever seen
British exhibits filled the entire Western nave and foreign ones took up
the eastern half the Indian section was a cornucopia of gems silks Cotton’s and
great crowns in precious metals there were elephant tusks and tiger skin the
most popular exhibit was in the French section a fountain of eau de Cologne that
ran continuously then there was the latest engine by James Watt possessing
the collective power of 700 horses, a floating church for seafarers, the Coen noir done,
a soda water machine, a boat easily converted into a comfortable mattress or
safety life belt, an india-rubber bath wigs that had built-in ventilation and a
set of false teeth enabling the wearer to yawn the exhibition was open for six
months and six million people attended the country’s entire population was only
23 million Prince Albert was able to write with satisfaction
”the crowds at exhibition are bigger each day on the financial side we naturally
stand very well” profits from the Great Exhibition were a hundred and eighty six
thousand pounds and Prince Albert wanted the money to encourage new design in
British industry the catalyst for the new schools of design would be a great
cluster of museums in Kensington his ideas led to the Science Museum, the
Natural History Museum, the Victoria and Albert Museum for arts and design and
the Albert Hall for music and science exhibition although they weren’t completed in his
lifetime the museums remain Prince Albert’s greatest legacy to this country
and they extended the influence of science art and design upon industry as
a whole an event in February 1849 confirmed
once again the Queen’s need for more privacy and security one of her
sketchbooks was stolen from Windsor Castle and the contents published in a
popular newspaper The Times funded collect the Queen of Great Britain be
able to sit down to her piano or sketchbook with the same security
against intrusion as any other lady in the land at around this time the royal
couple acquired the Balmoral estate in Scotland it’s remote location was
deliberately chosen to shield the Queen from repeated intrusion by the London
press and to ease the Prince’s increasing exhaustion instead of course
Prince Albert demolished the old castle and in three years designed and put up a
new one the Balmoral of today he wrote ”the new house is up one story and with
its dressed granite promises to present a noble appearance, the work is
terribly hard”, the Queen wrote ”every year my heart becomes more fixed in this dear
paradise now that all has become my dear Albert’s own creation, own work, own
building, own laying out as at Osborne Balmoral was the couple’s favorite place
of escape they reveled in the healthy climate and
scaled the great surrounding hills highland life rarely captured their
imagination and they became a little bit more Scottish on every visit just as Prince Albert helped introduce the German Christmas to Windsor
so at Balmoral the royal couple lived out the romantic Scottish image of
Tartans kilts and bagpipes, Edwin Landseer was installed as the courts
favorite painter along with Carl Hart even the ghillies were painted Balmoral was always informal and it was
here that Queen Victoria appears to have made up for the childhood she’d missed
”it was wonderful not seeing a human being you’re hearing a sound accepting
that of the wind or the call of the black cock or grouse” one of Queen Victoria’s
favorite houses and certainly the most modest was here at Ochna Dusuk, On the shores of Loch Muick about seven miles from the castle there were two Gilley’s
cottages and when the family wanted to be informal they came and stayed here on
one side which was joined by a covered passage to the other cottage where the
servants were the Queen wrote ”with the washing and cooking and everything going
on in the line with one’s own dwellings” court painters recorded the Queen
fishing and stalking deer she was taught by local tenants ”a salmon was speared
here by one of the men after which we were very successful seven salmon being
caught some in the net and some speared the scene that this beautiful spot was
exciting and picturesque in the extreme I wished for Lancias pencil” idyllic Lancia paintings captured life at Balmoral for the royal couple and
the normally restrained Prince Albert became more lyrical in his writing
”we have withdrawn for a short time into a complete Mountain solitude where one
rarely sees a human face where the snow already covers the mountaintops and the
wild deer come creeping round the house I, Naughty man have also been crawling after the harmless stags
and today I shot two red deer. Suddenly while he was at the height of his powers
Prince Albert found himself in a very vulnerable position in 1853 public
opinion swung violently against him over an issue of patriotism it became known
that the prince had advised the Queen against sending a British force to the
Crimea to stop Russian expansion in the eastern Mediterranean ”it is too much
that one man and he not an Englishman by birth should be at once Foreign
Secretary commander-in-chief and prime minister under all administration’s nevertheless the controversy soon died
down once the royal couple bowed to popular
will and supported the expedition against Russia initially the Crimean
campaign was a disaster for the British Army the men soon became bogged down in
trench warfare around the landing port of balaclava and they weren’t dressed or
equipped for fighting on Russian soil there were no proper field hospitals and
the dead were buried in rows by the ships in port William Russell The Times correspondent at the front was the first to reveal the
incompetence of the expedition ”This army has melted away almost to a drop of
miserable washed out worn-out spiritless wretches who muster out of 55,000 just
11,000 fit to shoulder a musket it is with feelings of surprise and anger that
the public will learn that no sufficient medical preparations have been made for
the proper care of the wounded” Its interesting to note that my old regiment
the 11th Azar’s which are discourted Prince Albert from
Dover to London when he came to marry Queen Victoria found itself 14 years
later leading the charge of the Light Brigade, that charge effectively ended
the Battle of Balaclava out of a hundred and ten officers and men who galloped
into the Russian line less than a quarter return, the army was an mess, the
Queen concerned about morale regularly visited those wounded who were fit
enough to be evacuated meanwhile the Prince was approached by certain senior
officers and asked to reorganize the whole structure of the army I hazard the
opinion that our army as that the present organized can hardly be called
an army at all but a mere aggregate of battalions of infantry with some
regiments of cavalry and an Artillery Regiment Prince Albert’s intervention
turned out to be crucial the army wasn’t organised for grand foreign expeditions
so he devised a system of supply bases leading all the way to the battlefields
of the Crimea they had to start in the South of England so first he looked for
open land that was close to railways and embarkation ports and could be used for
maneuvers and the base at Aldershot came into being. Prince Albert advocated the
setting up of hospitals at the main supply port of Balaclava and close to
the front and here you can see Balaclava with the hospital here on top of the
hill finally Prince Albert ordered a railway
to be built at full speed from the Allied base at Balaclava to the Russian
stronghold at Sevastopol it was to supply the besieging British French and
Turkish troops he judged that when Sevastopol fell the war will be over and
here you can see that strongly defended fort in Sebastopol the railway was
effective in getting ammunition to the front these are some of the remains of
the Russian defenses around Sebastopol after the British and French artillery
had smashed their way through, when the Queen took the salute at a victory
parade in London of men who charged the Russian defenses at Sevastopol
the prestige of the crown couldn’t have been higher but prince albert’s 15 years of hard
work came at a price his health was deteriorating
photographic portraits show the 40 year old Prince aging prematurely his hair is
receding his waist thickening his loving wife already regarded him as unofficial
sovereign and when the Whig government of 1857 found yet another reason for not
giving him the status of Prince Consort Queen Victoria out of frustration
awarded him the title herself In December 1861
the idyllic marriage was suddenly over Prince Albert had caught a chill
the doctors terrified of alarming the Queen kept the seriousness of his
illness from her in the end they told her that it was gastric fever every
Victorian knew what that meant typhoid the source has been suggested was a
notoriously unreliable and in sanitary drains here at Windsor Castle throughout
December his condition gradually deteriorated on the night of the 14th
the Queen heard tortured breathing coming from the Blue Room where Prince Albert
lay she rushed to his side and whispered in German ”it is your little wife kiss me” ”two or three long but perfectly gentle
breaths would warm the hand clasping mine Oh tend to be sick to write it all all was over I kissed his dear heavenly forehead
& called out and in bitter and agonizing cry I went to my room and there sat
gazing wildly and as hard as stone on my mate
the Queen was put to bed she was given a little opiate she tried to sleep but
kept waking crying and crying Doctors warned the Queen not to kiss the body shown in this photograph for the first time then the blue room was carefully
and meticulously photographed for the remaining 40 years of Queen Victoria’s
reign it stayed exactly as it was when he died as the bell of Saint Paul’s began
to toll the whole country went into mourning the Queen wore black until the
end of her days and the effigy of the Prince Consort was present at all large
family gatherings a great statue was put up at Balmoral as well as a can on one of the
surrounding hills the mausoleum to hold Prince Albert
was built at Frogmore on the Windsor estate where the Queen had said that one
day she would lie next to him After the Prince Consort died
Queen Victoria cried in her anguish ”there is no one left to call me Victoria, now” the Queen was heartbroken she didn’t
carry out public duties again for five years right at the farthest corner of
the Balmoral estate on the shore of Loch Muick stands the Glas-allt Queen Victoria used to come here to seek solitude after she’d lost Prince Albert
and it was here that she felt she still had some contact with him the house has hardly changed at all
since the Queen lived and grieved here for the prince who done so much to
change her life and the life of this country Presented by H.R.H Prince Michael of Kent you can see part two of Victoria and
Albert tomorrow at the same time on UK history in a few minutes the face of
Tutankhamun

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About the Author: Oren Garnes

16 Comments

  1. 😍😍😍😍😘😘😘😘😘🤩😘😘big kissssssss

  2. really ayssss sooooooryyyyyy beminded jockey persecuted by all stewarts, tudors, castle and manor staff, horses included

  3. A L Rouse wrote that Queen Victoria was proud of Prince Albert's indifference to all women.
    He went onto say that there were some sides of life that were a closed book to Queen Victoria
    In the end the Prince found it all so intolerable and just gave up. Read that as you will.

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