Shipping Container Types LCL FCL Import Export Business Logistics Supply Chain International Trade

Shipping Container Types LCL FCL Import Export Business Logistics Supply Chain International Trade

When exporting goods overseas, there are many different
shipping methods to consider. It mainly depends
on the overall packing sizes, total cubic measurement or total weight
of the goods to be shipped. The most popular shipping method
all over the world is the 20-foot shipping container. There are three main methods
to shipping goods overseas: by FCL cargo,
Full Container Load, by LCL cargo,
Less Than Container Load or by Breakbulk Shipping. Full Container Load shipping is used when exporting
a full container of products. These are predominantly
shipped in 20-foot and 40-foot long
enclosed shipping containers. Our IncoDocs chart below displays
the most popular shipping containers used and includes container measurements,
weights and door sizes for each. Dry Cargo containers are made
in 20-foot and 40-foot lengths. The standard is a 20-foot,
General Purpose container, a 20-foot GP. These containers can also be made
as a High Cube container which have an increased height
to hold more cargo. Refrigerated containers
or reefers are made in the same sizes
as dry cargo containers. These refrigerated containers
are designed for the transportation
of temperature-sensitive cargo. They allow everything from meat, fruit,
vegetables and dairy products to chemicals and pharmaceuticals
to travel across the world. Open Top containers are also made
in 20-foot and 40-foot lengths. They don’t include a roof
which allows the transport of bulky or heavy cargo
that either won’t fit through normal container doors
or require a crane for efficient loading. Flat Rack containers
are unique shipping containers that consists of only a flatbed
and have either fixed or collapsible ends on the container
or no ends at all. They are designed to ship products that won’t fit into a general purpose
or open top container. These flat rack containers
allow transport of oversized, out of gauge
and odd-shaped cargo. LCL cargo is another form
of shipping method used when shipping smaller
amounts of cargo. It will be used when the overall size
of the goods for export is not big enough to fill
a 20-foot container. When LCL shipping is used, the goods are still loaded inside
20-foot and 40-foot shipping containers and they are transported
exactly the same way. However, the LCL cargo is loaded inside
a shared shipping container along with other parties’ cargo
to fill the container which is called a consolidated
shipping container. The freight cost is charged out depending
on the overall product size or weight. It will be charged out per cubic meter
of cargo or per metric ton in weight, whichever is greater. Breakbulk Shipping
is used to ship oversized cargo that will not fit
inside shipping containers. Any cargo that exceeds length,
width, height or weight restrictions can be shipped by breakbulk cargo. The cargo is loaded on top of the deck
of the vessel by crane. Large machinery, boats and steel
are examples of goods that are exported around the world
by breakbulk cargo. When exporting your products overseas,
you will need to provide your freight company
with detailed shipping documentation that includes the shipment type
and shipment details. You can use IncoDocs
to quickly and easily create all of the shipping documentation required
to export your goods overseas. Try it for yourself. Go to and start
your free trial today.

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About the Author: Oren Garnes


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  3. Can anyone tell me that when logistics/operations process start in sea freight? Kindly tell me in details. I have an interview. Thank you.

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