Most AMAZING Inventions By MIT!

From the World Wide Web to kitchen robots
here are the top 8 technologies developed by MIT! 8. inFORM
inFORM is a Dynamic Shape Display developed by MIT that can render 3D content physically! That sounds pretty fancy, so what is it and
what can we do with it? It is a large surface that sits atop of a
series of pins, motors and linkages. When things interact with them, the pins can
go up or down, providing the user with a wide range of motion. In a video about the inFORM display MIT released
in 2013, you can see how someone can remotely interact with objects, how the pins display
a phone notification and how they display mathematical formulas in 3D depending on the
data being scanned by the input device. Past research has focused just on making shapes,
not dynamically changing them. The MIT team behind it has said they want
to focus more on interaction and guide the user to create physical objects. This technology can have a number of applications. Any design you want can be viewed physically
so architects can easily view their designs in 3D, as well as maps and terrain models,
CT scans in the medical field, perform surgical simulations and all other kinds of interactive
role play. Engineers and designers can view their 3D
designs physically in a matter of seconds, without having to actually print them – saving
them a lot of time and resources! It also can be used in conference calls, capture
people’s movement, used in motion related games, and display color! The possibilities are endless! 7. Email
How many minutes have passed since you’ve sent an email? 5? 10? Email is probably the most used thing on the
internet! But emails weren’t always like this. Actually the first form of “email” was
more like leaving a note on your friend’s desk. You just had to put a message in another user’s
directory, in a spot where they could see it. And make sure it was on the same computer
too! SO basically like using someone else’s notepad
on the desktop. MIT was the first to develop software that
could send a message to another user of the same computer, called MAILBOX. That started in the 60’s and until the mid
1970’s when email finally morphed into something similar to what we use and love today. Why was email so primitive back then? Well, mostly because there was no internet. Oh yeah! Computers began to talk to each other for
the first time through the ARPANET, the grandpa of our beloved modern internet. Once computers were connected to each other,
people developed a way to put the email in an envelope and send it to a specific person. So in 1972 Ray Tomlinson, an ARPANET contractor
and an MIT alum, used the “@” symbol to link a user to a computer and sent the first
email to another computer. From that moment emails evolved again and
again until, with the help of the World Wide Web, they were made available through friendly
user interfaces by providers such as Yahoo, Google, or Hotmail. And now for one of the most important, but
first be sure to subscribe if you are new here and click the bell so you will get notified
of all the latest videos!! 6. World Wide Web
Tim Berners-Lee is the inventor of what we call the World Wide Web. He argued that it should be completely free
and open. He graduated from Oxford University and then
became a software engineer at CERN, where he noticed that it was way easier to ask people
about their coffee than to share computer information. This was when he had the idea that would literally
change the world. Millions of computers were already being connected
together through the internet, so Berners-Lee came up with an idea about how they could
share information! By 1990 he had everything prepared; he developed
the foundation for what would be called “the web” and the first web browser ever – the, later renamed Nexus to avoid confusion. Just a year after that moment the first web
page was published on the open internet and people outside of CERN were invited to join
this new community. He later moved from CERN to MIT and founded
the World Wide Web Consortium, an international community devoted to developing open web standards. Both before and after working at CERN Tim
Berners-Lee wanted it to be free and open to anyone despite their race, location or
hardware. He wanted everything to be developed transparently
and encouraged maximum participation and experimentation. As he stated in 2012 during the Olympics Opening
Ceremony, “This is for everyone.” 5. iRobot
iRobot was founded in 1990 by MIT roboticists that wanted to make practical robots a reality. They began with military and policing robots;
what’s more practical than solving crimes, right? Their first generation of iRobots included
a crab-like robot designed to remove mines in and out of water, and an artificial intelligence
designed to develop algorithms for hundreds of other individual robots. Here are just a few of the military robots
designed by iRobot: a little robot-spy that is so cheap to make that it is virtually disposable,
a shape-shifting machine without motors, wheels or any rigid elements; and a reconnaissance
robot that can mesh with a network of other robots to extend the range of its sensors
like insects. They stopped designing military robots in
April 2016, when they sold the Defense and Security Business to Arlington Capital Partners,
stating that they wanted to focus on other projects. iRobot’s main success comes from the consumer
robots from inside and outside of the home. They sell vacuum cleaners, floor mops, and
other autonomous cleaning devices. Their main home robots are Roomba, an automated
vacuum cleaning robot first released in 2002, Braava a floor mopping robot that was acquired
by iRobot in 2012, Mirra, a swimming-pool cleaning robot and Create which is a hobby
robot – meaning that users have the possibility of changing or adapting the robot’s functions. iRobot intentionally allows users to hack
their products because they want people to actually improve the product. That’s a cheap way to save money on R&D! 4. Sketchpad The presentation of Sketchpad begins: “Now
we’re going to show you a man actually talking to a computer in a far different way than
it was possible before”. Ivan Sutherland created the sketchpad in the
course of his PhD thesis at MIT back in 1963. With this device, the user could draw straight
lines or circle arcs using what Ivan called a “light pen”. He could create and save symbols that he could
paste and manipulate later. Apart from the traditional 2D drawing, sketchpad
could also be used to create 3D objects that could be viewed from the top, front and sides. This I guess is not that impressive, especially
when you realize that Ivan’s device wasn’t really used for anything. But think about it for a moment: the sketchpad
is nothing compared to the technology we have today, but 50 years ago, it changed how people
interacted with a computer and opened a door never touched before. As Ivan Sutherland himself said in 2016, the
sketchpad showed that it is possible to easily work with technology, and its demonstration
opened the eyes of lots of people that made it very practical. Without the sketchpad there would be no Photoshop
or any graphic software we love today, so take a moment to appreciate it… before we
move on to… 3. GNU Project GNU Project was Richard Stallman’s idea
when he was working at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab. He appreciated how the community there was
sharing software, and found it disturbing when the community began to collapse and use
non-free software. He decided that something had to be done:
a platform that was totally free for anyone to use, modify or redistribute it. As an operating system developer, he was the
perfect man for the job. So he left MIT and began his journey of creating
an operating system that would be free for everyone! He believed in the concept of “free software”
that is sometimes misunderstood. Stallman wanted people to understand that
“free software” has nothing to do with the price, it is all about freedom. A program is a “free software” if any
user can run it for any purpose, can modify it to suit his needs and redistribute copies
either for free or for a fee. Richard Stallman himself made money to sustain
himself by creating GNU tapes for people who had no access to the internet at that time. Later in his journey he encountered another
problem: The goal of GNU was to give users complete freedom, so how could he prevent
GNU software from being turned into proprietary software by other people? He had the clever idea to use fire against
fire! He created “copyleft”, and used copyright
law not to restrict the program, but to ensure it would remain free. Definitely an example of thinking outside
the box. 2. Spreadsheet Not everyone at MIT is all about the freedom
and low cost of computer software. VisiCalc, for example, sold over 700,000 copies
in six years from its release and more than 1 million copies since it was created, 38
years ago. It was considered the Apple II killer app! Dan Bricklin, alum at MIT, and Bob Frankston
– the creators of VisiCalc, revolutionized the concept of the spreadsheet. Dan Bricklin recalls that the idea came to
him while watching his university professor create a spreadsheet on a blackboard. When the professor found an error, he had
to erase and rewrite a number of sequential entries in the table. This fact made Bricklin believe he could replicate
the process on a computer. And guess what? He did! VisiCalc wasn’t the first spreadsheet software
in history, but it was the first spreadsheet that combined most of the essential features
of modern applications, and was ported to multiple devices, a fact that made it very,
very popular! Even if it was not the first such software,
it was probably the one that showed other developers the way. Without it maybe today we wouldn’t be able
to use any fancy modern app like Microsoft Excel! Despite its popularity, VisiCalc sales ended
overnight when Lotus 1-2-3, a similar (but better) spreadsheet software, was released
onto the market. That’s how life is, after all! 1. Radar During the 1940’s, Vannevar Bush, the Scientific
Advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt along with the president of MIT, Karl Compton
and President of Harvard, James Conant, proposed to the President a plan for the National Defense
Research Council, that he couldn’t refuse. They proposed the creation of technologies
for the detection of aircraft and ships. These capabilities were not around at that
time. Not long after the approval of the plan, Radiation
Laboratory or “Rad Lab”, was created at the MIT campus. The name was intentionally deceptive, tricking
those outside the lab into thinking that they were working on nuclear physics. During the next years the Rad Lab made huge
contributions to the development of microwave radar technology to support the war effort. They had invented tech like the airborne bombing
radars, shipboard search radars and long-range navigation system, also called LORAN. The most important contribution though, was
the microwave early-warning radars. This radar nullified the V-1 threat to London
and ASV radars, in fact it turned the tide on the U-boat threat to Allied shipping. Because of this technology from September
to October 1943 only 9 allied ships were sunk, while the other side lost a total of 25 U-boats! Thanks for watching! Were you surprised by any of these? Let us know in the comments below! Be sure to subscribe and see you soon! Byeeeee

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