Monsanto: The Company that Owns the World’s Food Supply

Monsanto: The Company that Owns the World’s Food Supply


Genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, have
been the subject of controversy pretty much since their inception. More recently they’ve become sort of a buzzword
for outraged social media experts, but don’t let these Twitter crusaders fool you, GMOs
are in fact a very serious topic. They have an impact on everyone. Take the US, for example, where the most produced
crop by far is corn. In 2014 over 361 million tons of corn were
cultivated, more than all other crops combined. That corn is then used to make a variety of
different products. Not just food:
you’ll find corn derivatives in Coke, milk, toothpaste, aspirin and varnish. Corn is also the most popular animal feed,
and when you consider the fact that 85% of all US corn is genetically modified, you’ll
realize GMOs are all around you. That’s why this week on Behind the Business
we’ll be taking a look at the company that started it all: the world’s largest seed
company, Monsanto. Monsanto was originally founded as a chemical
company in 1901 by John Francis Queeny. Queeny was in his forties by that point and
he had had a pretty rough start to his life. The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 left his family
homeless when he was only 12. He had to quit his education in order to start
working full-time as an office boy at a wholesale drug firm. Through hard work and dedication John climbed
the ranks of the pharmaceutical industry, and he eventually moved to St. Louis in 1891
as a representative of the Meyer Brothers Drug Company, the largest drug distributor
at the time. Fiver years later John married Olga Monsanto
and when he decided to establish a business of his own in 1901, he named his company after
her. John established Monsanto in order to produce
saccharin, an artificial sweetener that is 300 times sweeter than table sugar and has
effectively no nutritional value. Saccharin was first synthesized in 1879 and
although it is a widely popular sugar substitute today, back in the 1900s nobody in the US
had even heard of it. Germany had a near-monopoly on its production,
and there wasn’t a single manufacturer in the United States. John’s newly established business was the
first US saccharin producer and the American market turned out to be very lucrative. One of his earliest customers was actually
the Coca Cola company, which still uses saccharin in its popular Diet Cokes. By 1905 John had added two more food additives
to Monsanto’s repertoire: vanillin and coumarin, which up until then were also produced only
by Germany. In its first decade Monsanto barely turned
a profit because the Germans were constantly undercutting them. When the United States declared war on Germany
in 1917 though, all chemical imports were halted, leaving a huge void in the market
that Monsanto was more than happy to fill. Its revenue jumped from 81,000 dollars in
1913 to 905,000 dollars in 1919, establishing Monsanto as one of the big US chemical companies. 1919 also marked Monsanto’s first steps
abroad when it acquired a Welsh chemical producer that made aspirin and rubber catalyzers. This was Monsanto’s first big acquisition,
but it would definitely not be the last. The 1920s saw Monsanto expand its product
range to feature industrial chemicals, the most notable one being polychlorinated biphenyl,
or PCB. Now, PCBs can come in various molecular configurations,
209 to be precise, and all of them are very toxic. They’re proven carcinogens and pollutants
that are resistant to acids and heat, and need about 200 days of direct sunlight just
to start breaking down. If you’re thinking that this was some exotic,
rarely used chemical, you’d be wrong: PCBs were used as coolants in various electrical
devices prior to the 1970s, most notably in power transformers and capacitors. Odds are, if you go to some of the more neglected
cities in your state, you’d find transformers with PCB warning labels there. Monsanto was the only US producer of PCBs
for almost 50 years before Congress finally banned the substance in 1979. Internal documents leaked in 2002 show that
Monsanto was well aware of the toxicity of PCBs more than a decade before their eventual
ban. In fact, Monsanto’s first move at circumventing
environmental laws happened all the way back in 1926 when the company incorporated a town
in Illinois called, you guessed it, Monsanto. Back then local jurisdictions were responsible
for most environmental laws, and Monsanto the town was very lenient with its regulations,
so much so that Monsanto the company built its largest PCB factory there. That town still exists, by the way, but it’s
called Sauget now and it barely has 159 residents. The case with PCBs is one of the earliest
examples of Monsanto’s extreme for-profit culture that has by now become nothing short
of an immortal Internet meme. The sad thing is that Monsanto’s awful reputation
is actually pretty well deserved, but you’ll see more about that later. So, by the time the Second World War had started
in 1939, Monsanto had established itself as the US military’s premiere chemical supplier. Their most valuable product at the time was
Styrene, a compound crucial for the production of synthetic rubber. Interestingly enough, Monsanto was also a
large contributor to the Manhattan Project. They were instrumental in the development
of the polonium-based initiators used in the two atomic bombs dropped on Japan. During the postwar decades Monsanto got into
the agriculture business by developing pesticides. Their first one, called dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane
or DDT, went into production in 1944, and was banned less than 30 years later due to
its extreme toxicity. Another herbicide produced by Monsanto was
Agent Orange, which became infamous after the US military used it as a defoliant during
Operation Ranch Hand of the Vietnam War. Agent Orange was very effective at destroying
the crops of the Viet Cong, but it was so toxic that it also ended up contaminating
more than 3 million people and causing half a million Vietnamese children to be born with
deformities. The early 1970s saw Monsanto make huge progress
in the development of LED lights. In fact, Monsanto was the first company to
mass produce them, which brought the price of LEDs down from 200 dollars to less than
ten cents a piece. Just a few years later though the US government
finally cracked down on Monsanto’s reckless use of harmful chemicals. The bans on PCBs and several pesticides hurt
Monsanto’s revenue greatly, and on top of that several class-action lawsuits were initiated
that ended up costing hundreds of millions of dollars. In this period of distress Monsanto’s executives
decided to shift the company’s focus away from chemical production and towards agricultural
biotechnology. This transition occurred during the early
1980s, and back then biotechnology was a very young science. Monsanto was early to the party, which gave
the company’s immense R&D division a head start. In 1983 Monsanto scientists led by Robert
Fraley became the first in history to genetically modify plants. This pivotal achievement ushered in a new
era for agriculture: the era of GMOs. Now, despite what the armchair experts from
Twitter might be telling you, genetically modified crops are not bad in and of themselves. The reason there is such a negative perception
of GMOs is that, as has happened numerous times in history, people take a good thing,
and out of greed they take it so far that it eventually becomes a bad thing. GMO crops are a perfect example of this. There are a number of ways to genetically
modify a crop without compromising the health of the people who eat it:
some of the most basic ones are shortening the plant’s seed-to-seed period or outright
pumping up the size of the resulting fruit or vegetable. Monsanto, however, in their quest for ever-increasing
yield, took GMO crops to a whole new level. Back in the early 1980s, when Monsanto was
faced with a slew of lawsuits and a ban on its best products, they discovered glyphosate,
an extremely potent herbicide that saved the company from potential bankruptcy. Monsanto marketed their herbicide under the
name Roundup, and in the span of just two decades it became the most widely used herbicide
in the Untied States. The reason for its success lies in Monsanto’s
development of GMO crops. You see, in the past farmers had to plant
their seeds a good deal away from each other. They needed that space in order to till their
fields; otherwise weeds would grow around their crops and kill them. When Monsanto developed GMO crops that were
resistant to Roundup, however, a whole new avenue of cultivation emerged. Suddenly, farmers could plant their crops
much closer together, since they could just dump tons of Roundup directly onto their crops
without harming them. As you can imagine this was a huge increase
in crop yield, and combined with the cost reduction of not having to till the land as
much, farmers quickly switched to Monsanto’s GMO solution. Up until the year 2000 Monsanto was the sole
producer of glyphosate due to the patents they held, and it is during this time that
the company expanded into the titan it is today. Roundup was, of course, just the beginning,
and since then Monsanto has spent tens of billions into the development of various pesticides
and seeds. Last year alone they spent 1.5 billion dollars
on R&D, and these investments have more than paid off:
Two years ago Monsanto’s GMO seeds accounted for 80% of the USA’s total corn acreage,
and today that number is even higher. One reason for Monsanto’s immense success
in the seed business is their creative use of patents on their seeds. Farmers who plant Monsanto’s GMO seeds are
subject to strict rules about what they can actually do with them. They’re not allowed, for example, to replant
these seeds, nor to sell or share them with anyone else, thus ensuring that Monsanto’s
revenue remains stable and growing. The language of these rules is so convoluted
that farmers could potentially be found liable even in cases when the wind randomly blows
Monsanto seeds from a neighbor’s farm. To complete its transformation into an agricultural
behemoth, in 1997 Monsanto spun off the entirety of its chemical business into a separate company
called Solutia. This was Monsanto’s attempt at a fresh start,
and on their website they even claim to be a relatively new company that just happens
to share the same name with its polluting predecessor. Of course, this was all for show, as the new
Monsanto’s executives were the same people that had led the old company for decades. What they did with Solutia was to essentially
try to wash their hands of Monsanto’s morally-questionable past. Solutia inherited not only the struggling
chemical business, but also the majority of litigation relating to Monsanto’s PCBs and
other industrial pollutants. It probably won’t come as a surprise that
just six years later Solutia filed for bankruptcy, only to be eventually swallowed up by the
Eastman Chemical Company. The new Monsanto, of course, has been incapable
of shaking off its bad reputation, but that hasn’t stopped it’s global expansion. Today it is bigger than ever, with 15 billion
dollars of revenue just from last year alone. About half of that money, by the way, came
from the sales of the Roundup pesticide and the GMO seeds resistant to it. It’s sad how despite all the boycotting
and controversies, Monsanto’s products are so ingrained in modern agriculture that there’s
no getting rid of them. By all accounts Monsanto is here to stay,
but it’s actually very possible that they’ll soon stop being an independent company. Germany’s pharmaceutical titan Bayer, on
which we’ve also done a video, by the way, had been trying to acquire Monsanto for the
past four months. Just a few days ago Monsanto accepted a $66
billion dollar all-cash offer, which still needs regulatory approval, sure, but consider
this: in the past 14 months we’ve seen the mergers
of six of the biggest companies in the industry, and so far analysts are giving the Bayer-Monsanto
merger a 50% chance of going through. Even if the merger fails though, it’s very
hard to be optimistic about a Monsanto-free future. From an investment point of view it would
make sense to buy shares of the company that controls the world’s food supply, but sometimes
it’s better to forego revenue in order to actually make the world a better place. Hi there! I hope you liked the video despite the rather
questionable nature of the subject. I can tell you that making this video was
not easy. I mean here at Business Casual we try to take
an objective look at companies we cover, which tends works most of the time, but when you’ve
got a corporation like Monsanto that’s, you know, literally Hitler for most people,
remaining neutral can get a little bit harder. Nevertheless, it was pretty interesting learning
how they became the giant that they are today. If you’d like to see another video of ours
you can click in the top right corner to watch the history of Boeing, from the time of the
Wright brothers to the Second Space Race. To watch the full Behind the Business series,
you can click in the bottom right corner to access our main playlist, and if you’d like
to subscribe to our channel you can do so by clicking over there in the middle right. Once again, thanks a lot for watching, and
as always: stay smart.

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About the Author: Oren Garnes

100 Comments

  1. 1 2 the the Monsanto Jews will soon be coming for you. 3 4 you'll have a voice no more. 5 6 you'll suck their little circumsized dicks. 7 8 soon no one will be allowed to procreate. 9 10 they'll sue your ass and win again. Just ask LC I mean Oprah the cow

  2. Termination of cultural crops or changing the indigenous crops will be disaster forever. It is military tactics not goodwill activity

  3. If that is true, we are all f*cked, make no wonder that CANCER touches nearly everybody in the world and our elected leaders, being bought off, don’t seem to care of what happens to people,,,,,,,,,,,

  4. May God have mercy on our souls.
    Remember, when you vote, you automatically support the corrupt government who works with companies such as Monsanto.
    So stop fucking voting.

  5. People are saying they are currently poisoning the world. How? It seems like their current business plan is GMO corn plus roundup. Those aren't that bad. Their monopoly control over the corn, that US patent law gives them, allows them to make restrictive contracts is the only current complaint in the video.

  6. I have been working for 25 years with round up , and lately with glyphosate . Question am i entitled to sue monsanto . I am still alive and kicking . . Advice please .

  7. Look at the news now!!! CANCER gmo causes CANCER !!! Its proven. So remove this video its false information.

  8. Boycott Monsanto. Don't buy their horrible food.
    Don't buy the chemicals that are causing cancer.
    Don't let them own all the seeds or they will control our food supply and us!
    Europe and Russia refuse to use their seeds. We must do the same.

  9. I see a lot of comments saying monsanto is a bad company but they don't have any scientific proof to go with it. A lot of people propably wouldn' t be alive if monsanto wasn't here. Because of monsanto there has been a steady supply of food, especially in the US.

  10. We dont even need GMOs if we would all just lower our meat intake. We have more than enough land to grow our food. But no, instead we're growing feed for animals.

  11. How about doing a video on Blackwater USA aka Xe Services aka Academi. Or maybe Halliburton Company…or even G.D. Searle, LLC.

  12. Monsanto products, lucrative for it & them 🤑, poison ☠ for us…

    Why? Because their products aren't natural, they're lab create franken-science products ‼️

  13. Why do we allow these corporate monopolies over resources as crucial to humanities survival as food? This should not be allowed. What happened to AntiTrust Laws in this country?

  14. Is really evil bad company an it's own by The Zionist Lobby devils, an the very bad staff on the agriculture of the third world country like ( Egypt, India, serlanka, Malaysia, Philippin and also African countries, we need to do something to shut down the evil company for effect an harm the poor people of the third worl country's ,

  15. This company maked so hard and difficult for a lot people life 😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡😡

  16. Ode to CornHole Syrup

    We all know that advertisements lie to us… or at the very least distort the truth in their favor. The most egregious is by the producers of cornHOLE syrup discarding the word HOLE from their marketing message.under the guise that HOLE could be an obscenity: as in to cornhole a butt i.e. have anal sex.

    But the breeders of cattle call what the makers of corn syrup buy, CORNHOLE as it is the stuff that comes from a cow’s ass i.e. manure).

    Yes corn(hole) syrup is made from cow shit. Here is how it works:

    Cows no longer roam the range & eat grass. They stand around in pens all day & eat corn. Corn is hard to digest so cow poop comes out runny. Which is what the corn syrup producers want & buy: runny cow shit.

    The cattlemen always wanted to make money off their runny cow shit so instead off having cows stand around in their own excrement all day, they potty trained them to go into a sewer drain which is connected to & loaded onto tanker trunks.

    This poo sludge is shipped off to the cornHole syrup facility to render it into a product no more harmful than industrialized sugar.

    The reason for the producers of cornHOLE syrup to go after runny manure is that it saves several process at the plant & because cows find it so hard to digest, a lot of corn appears in the sludge, Surplus Corn!

    And it gives the suppliers a little chuckles to know that the public is literally eating shit.

    But Here is the UPLIFTING PART: it also contributes to spiritual feelings too in the sense that we are all poop eaters… even vegetarians who eat plants know that they are helped to grow from poo fertilizer.

    Realizing that we are all poo eaters leads to the spiritual epiphany of POOP EATING UNITY.

    Upon acknowledging this you will chuckle to yourself that you really are an ah soul!

  17. As much as one wants to be rich, how many lives will you be willing to sacrifice for driving an expensive car, holiday homes across the world, eating , wearing and living above the clouds compared to the working class. The effects on the health and well being of the working class is always at the expense of the few CEO's that live above the clouds.

  18. Interesting fact: the Monsanto family were once wealthy jewish slave owners that held several estates and plantations in Louisiana.

  19. MONSANTO EAT YOUR OWNSHIT GMO,DONT GIVE IT TO PEOPLE!!! john f queeny WELL DONE YOU FUCKING IDIOT!!!,OH NEVER MIND YOU R DEAD ANYWAY,EVIL COMPANY,EVIL PEOPLE,WELL YOU CAN PULL THAT KIND OF SHIT IN USA!!! EASY,NO NO IS IT BAYER NOW A FUCKING NAZI COMPANY,FUCK YOU FUCK YOUR GMO,GO AND MODIFY UR FUCKING BRAINS BAYER!!!!!!

  20. The Hague charges monsanto with, “Ecocide,” and crimes against humanity in a mock trail. It’s a only mock trail because ecocide is technically not a crime? Really?

  21. At 7:24 he says greed and it flashes a windows logo for a second. Little hidden message on the video, guess they don’t like Microsoft

  22. Monsanto, the company that has no moral standards and poisoned the people and the planet.

    Bayer = total lack of credibility

  23. "People( and I use that word in the most loose of terms) take a good thing, and out of greed make it a bad thing"! A perfect Example being, GMO crops!!??
    NO!..Unh-Uh!!.. Not Quite!!! A Prfect Example being, MONSANTO
    (or HAILSATAN)!!

  24. It's very obvious that they must be working with the big pharma companies and greedy polititians so people can get sick and make a profit. It doesn't take a rocket scientist to figure that out. That's why we don't have a great universal healthcare system or even legalize medical marijuana.

  25. Giving CORPORATIONS human rights spelled the downfall of CORPORATIONS and rightfully so. The next step is to pull off the mask of the real owners and let them be held personally responsible and liable for the actions of their BUSINESS if they have human rights its only through the actual owners can they assume those rights. For too long they've hid their faces and acted like their CORPORATE entity had a mind of its own which it doesn't. In MONSANTO'S case they willingly and knowingly poisoned the people and the planet and they still claim their product is perfectly safe. Theyve bribed the EPA and politicians to back them up and they've done it which is unconscionable and immoral on their part but not surprising. Since 1913 its been a constant attack by the BANKERS and WALL STREET to undermine the rights of the American people and sink us and our Republic so far in debt they can permanently enslave us and tell us to shut the fuck up they know what's best for everybody. " we can't let the liars thieves and murderers fail" thats what were told. All you need to do is look at what's going on, the laws they propose, AGENDA 21/2030, the push for more war, to understand Obama continued the same policy Bush did to know none of its right or in our best interest. Our politicians all sign pledges to support Israel in their office, total bullshit they have no right. We are 22 trillion dollars in debt and Donald Trump says the economy is booming the best its ever been. He wouldn't say that if he paid taxes.

    We don't need MONSANTO to feed us, we don't need to pay welfare to Israel, we don't need traitor ZIONISTS pledging their support to a foreign government, we don't need BANKERS controlling our money and we damn sure dont need the UNITED NATIONS stripping us of our rights. This is our Republic we aren't your slaves and this isn't their planet.

    I'm against violence but evidentally its the only language these lying bastards understand and they will hear from the American peoples Republic and I'm not talking the CORPORATE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA im talking about the real America and my brothers and sisters from coast to coast of all walks of life where the color of your skin doesn't matter where all men are created equal endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights among them life liberty and the pursuit of happiness the gift from our Creator who gave us our rights by the Laws of Nature and of Natures God. You have no chance against us….

  26. These guys sueing farmers because of the wind blowing seeds is messed up but idk why their strategy for selling both the seed and the poison that allows food to be more abundant and cheaper is a bad thing. I'm not saying let em buy the country but come on..

  27. That company owns the food supply??? Is it that "food" or plasticised objects, I don't know how to call this new invention that never seems to get rotten, and it's often impossible to chew, and you don't feel possible to swallow it. I throw to the garbage most of the food and vegetable that I dare buy, as nobody in my family feels like eating it. Year after year, more species of "Food" are getting hardened by Monsanto's bio-engineers, and it's not possible any more to find some eatable "food". Humanity cannot survive without real "Food".

  28. Excellent video, instructional shown in layman's term, extremely interesting to see the company's debut and all inventions and interactions with other companies. Personally I have always equated Mosanto and his subsidies as poisoned products leading to a slow and hurtful death. I am old enough to have witnessed on the news DDT AGENT ORANGE PCB and many other atrocities also in the food industry before the GMO and ROUNDUP AND WHAT NOT. I recommend that people look on the net for the Yearly reports these companies are forced by law to produce. They are extremely instructive as to companies under the umbrella of the main one, their objective for the year (s) to come etc. That is the fastest and easiest way to track down what they are exactly doing. Always follow the money trail.

  29. So they thought it was a good idea to make synthetic ingredients which in turn provided no nutrients. Making people less healthy why all this fake food ? The labels don't even tell the truth for organics.

    Luke 8:17
    For there is nothing hidden that will not be disclosed, and nothing concealed that will not be known or brought out into the open.
    Colossians 3:2 Set your minds on things above, not on earthly things.

    Isaiah 8:21
    They will roam the land, dejected and hungry. When they are famished, they will become enraged, and looking upward, they will curse their king and their God. 22 Then they will look to the earth and see only distress and darkness and the gloom of anguish. And they will be driven into utter darkness.…

    Fear not Jesus Christ will protect you do not store up treasures on earth where the thieves break in and steal where things rust and break down. The lord has put eternity in our hearts they we may seek him.

    I get troubled about many things but there is a god watching and he rewards those who aren't self seeking.

  30. GMOs cause cancerous turmors in lab rats that's been proven so the USA government should stop these companies from poisoning the citizens of the USA!! But Mr Trump gave the go ahead to produce more GMOs without any so called testing???? Also Mr Trump has outlawed any 5G from being installed in or near the area where he lives???

  31. G O N E O R G A N I C .

    coffee in the Morning
    is Black
    with no cream No sugar
    ……no sugar
    …eat Fish only ,
    No meat ,
    Organic Foods And drinks
    …only Fiji bottled water
    or Filtered .
    no T.V. , no politics
    N O V O T E .

  32. Monsonto est un crime organisé par leur kartel de Franc maçon, des gens décivilisé pour un argent maudits et sal, il a des embassadeur de crime de milliardaire en France, des crime d'otages sur des millions de familles sont en cours par eux l'armée des franc maçon, des enfants recruter à être tueur à gages, des millions de sataniste en liberté, des pédophile, des riches de crime chez eux une justice de Franc maçon, des millions de militaires gendarmes exactera sont recrute juste pour cette alliance même si il sont des meurtrier il on des post de crime à défendre au sein de l'armée pour les riches filières qui font un coup d'etat contre la politique de la la prise d'avenir des dilapidation d'hommes sont en cours, des fabricants d'esclaves voillent le jour, la 4g appartient à un kartel qui dévoile rien, il veulent prostitution abomination esclavages et crime, exploser c'est procureur qui défend leur cadavre

  33. I still don't agree
    it's just not right you can't play God you play God and you end up dead just like the people you killed in the united states because you dumped your toxins into the water that made their freshwater become contaminated as well as their food supply in fish now because of that their life expectancy has been cut short to 60 years you don't decide peoples deaths only God is supposed to know that

  34. Now why would Bayer buy a business with a Billion dollar Law suits pending? Simple – massive pay outs reduce profits so reduces taxation. As Bush once stated , Money Trumps Everything. Monsanto are in the process of buying up global air supplies. Watch this product soar on the stock market.

  35. There wouldn’t be enough food on this planet if it weren’t for Monsanto, now there are too many people on this planet.

  36. Monsanto is a genuinely respectful company, awesome to see how they can grow and survive this much with there controversial practises

  37. CornHole Syrup
    We all know that advertisements lie to us… or at the very least distort the truth in their favor. The most egregious is by the producers of cornHOLE syrup discarding the word HOLE from their marketing message.under the guise that HOLE could be an obscenity: as in to cornhole a butt i.e. have anal sex.

    But the breeders of cattle call what the makers of corn syrup buy, CORNHOLE as it is the stuff that comes from a cow’s ass i.e. manure).

    Yes corn(hole) syrup is made from cow shit. Here is how it works:

    Cows no longer roam the range & eat grass. They stand around in pens all day & eat corn. Corn is hard to digest so cow poop comes out runny. Which is what the corn syrup producers want & buy: runny cow shit.

    The cattlemen always wanted to make money off their runny cow shit so instead off having cows stand around in their own excrement all day, they potty trained them to go into a sewer drain which is connected to & loaded onto tanker trunks.

    This poo sludge is shipped off to the cornHole syrup facility to render it into a product no more harmful than industrialized sugar.

    The reason for the producers of cornHOLE syrup to go after runny manure is that it saves several process at the plant & because cows find it so hard to digest, a lot of corn appears in the sludge, Surplus Corn!

    And it gives the suppliers a little chuckles to know that the public is literally eating shit.

    But Here is the UPLIFTING PART: it also contributes to spiritual feelings too in the sense that we are all poop eaters… even vegetarians who eat plants know that they are helped to grow from poo fertilizer.

    Realizing that we are all poo eaters leads to the spiritual epiphany of POOP EATING UNITY.

    Upon acknowledging this you will chuckle to yourself that you really are an ah soul!

  38. named the world's "most evil" corporation. My professor thinks they are a hero, and in some points he's right. but also wrong. Never. Trust. This. Organization. PERIOD

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