Mihrimah Sultan History in Urdu & Hindi with Eng Subtitles –Most Powerful Princess of Ottoman Empire

Mihrimah Sultan History in Urdu & Hindi with Eng Subtitles –Most Powerful Princess of Ottoman Empire


Mihrimah Sultan was the most powerful imperial princess in Ottoman history She was one of the prominent figures during the Sultanate of Women. Mihrimah Sultan was the daughter of Suleiman the Magnificent and his legal wife, Hürrem Sultan. She was born in Istanbul in 1522 Her name means “Sun and Moon” On 1539 in Istanbul at the age of seventeen, Mihrimah was married to Rüstem Pasha ( a person having a very bright future) who after 5 years of marriage, became the Grand Vazir of Ottoman Empire. He remained Grand Vazir for around 15 years. Rüstem Pasha was one of the wealthiest personalities in the history of the Ottoman Empire. Mihrimah Sultan wasn’t the representation of conventional beauty. Instead her charm lay in her remarkable intelligence and good nature. Shortly after her wedding she developed a rheumatoid-like condition and spent most of her life dealing with the illness. Mihrimah Sultan gave birth to a boy and a girl. Mihrimah was not like other imperial princesses in Ottoman history. Extant letters written by Mihrimah Sultan indicate that she was well-educated and disciplined. She was active in political affairs even in foreign courts. Her congratulatory letter to the King of Poland upon his accession to the throne till this day remains preserved in Poland’s archives. Mihrimah Sultan was loved dearly by her father who valued her opinions. Following her mother’s (Hürrem Sultan) death in 1558, she became advisor to the Sultan. She acted in capacity of “Valide Sultan” (Mother Queen). Throughout her life, she had a say in many state affairs. She encouraged her father to embark on a campaign to Malta for which she had 400 galleys built at her own expense. She use to send him news and forwarding letters for him when he was absent from capital. She continued to act as adviser to her brother Selim II who ascended the throne following their father’s death. During the complete tenure of his brother, she acted in capacity of “Valide Sultan” (Mother Queen). She along with Sokollu Mehmed Pasha and Nurbanu Sultan played an impressive role in state affairs. She was the wealthiest woman of 16th century, often loaning money to the treasury. Mihrimah Sultan was very famous for spending her wealth on charity and good deeds. The repair of ‘Ayn Zubaydah, the spring in Makkah (a source of providing water in Makkah), she donated 50,000 Dinars. For the establishment of a foundation to supply wrought iron to the navy was among Mihrimah Sultan’s contributions to the Empire. When her brother ascended to the throne as Selim II, she lent him some 50,000 gold sovereigns to sate his immediate needs. Mihrimah also sponsored a number of major architectural projects. Mihrimah Sultan’s most famous foundations are the two mosque complexes in Istanbul on eastern and western side that bear her name. Both designed by the ottoman’s best architect, Mimar Sinan. The first Mihrimah Sultan Mosque was built on the way at Eastern Entrance of Istanbul which is one of Üsküdar’s most prominent landmarks and was built between 1546 and 1548. Along with this mosque, a madrasah, a soup kitchen to feed the poor, a clinic and a primary school were also built. The second Mihrimah Sultan Mosque was built at the western wall of the old city of Istanbul, Which is one of the masterpieces of architecture was built between 1562 and 1565. A fountain, madrasah and hammam were also built along with this mosque. In recent past, a new story has been revealed which need to be discussed here. It is said that while Mihrimah was accompanying her father during the sultan’s Moldova Campaign. On the way, Mimar Sinan, saw Mihrimah and fell in love at first sight. He asked for her hand in marriage only to have his proposal rejected by her father. He in turn poured his heart into his architecture. When Mihrimah Sultan Mosques were built, both mosques were built based on very precise calculations of sunrise and sunset. On March 21, Mihrimah Sultan’s alleged birthday, while the crimson red sun sets behind the single minaret of the mosque in Edirnekapı, the moon simultaneously appears between the two minarets of the mosque in Üsküdar As Mihrimah means the sun and moon, hence, the masterpieces Mimar built are believed to be a reflection of the great architect’s undying love for her. This delightful story is nothing but a figment of the imagination. There are no historical evidences or even a rumor in this regard. Firstly, let alone, taking Mihrimah Sultan (the woman of the Ottoman dynasty) along on campaigns is unheard of. Secondly, how is it possible for Mimar Sinan to know the day and month Mihrimah Sultan was born while even the year is uncertain? One of the popular and also controversial story about Mihrimah is that she along with her husband Rüstem Pasha and her mother Hürrem Sultan, made a strong alliance against Shehzade Mustafa and became dominated power in divan and inner circle of palace. Unfortunately for Mustafa, this condition became a great obstacle for him to access to the throne But in order to prove this theory, there is no solid evidence against Mihrimah nor the Hürrem Sultan’s direct involvement. Mihrimah sultan died at the age of 55 in Istanbul on 25 January 1578 during the reign of Sultan Murad III Mihrimah sultan is the only one of Suleiman’s children to be buried in his tomb, the Süleyman Mosque complex.

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About the Author: Oren Garnes

36 Comments

  1. Asalam O Alikum

    The script of this video has been written with the help of following References:

    The Imperial House of Osman: Genealogy
    Archived from the original on 2 May 2006

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    Containing Balkan Nationalism: Imperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856-1914.
    By Vovchenko, Denis (2016-07-18)

    Living in the Ottoman Realm: Empire and Identity, 13th to 20th Centuries
    By Schull, Edited by Christine Isom-Verhaaren and Kent F. (2016-04-11)

    Roxolana in European Literature, History and Culture.
    By Yermolenko, Galina I. (1988)

    "The Architect's Apprentice
    by Elif Shafak

    Notable life of Mihrimah Sultan
    By Prof. Dr. EKREM BU?RA EKINCI
    Published in Turkish Newspaper Daily SABAH
    March 10, 2014

    Ayn Zubaydah flows down memory lane
    By KHALID KHURSHID
    Published in ARAB News
    Saturday 30 June 2012

    MIHRIMAH SULTAN MOSQUE
    Ref: istanbultourstudio.com

  2. Walekum Assalam,
    Thanks a lot for your informative videos. Jab khawateen ki baat horahi hai. Kya ap is mashhoor waqiye ki video bana sakte hain jo Neeche likha hai. Yeh Urdu me avalilable nai hai. Sirf English me hai. Link: https://youtu.be/2HYP48ksIJ8
    A Story of Mu’tasim and the Muslim woman
    This incident happened during the time of the time when Islamic Caliph was present in the year 837 AD.
    One Muslim sister was attacked by the Romans in the Roman city. She was abused and locked up for no reason. Frightened and alone she called out the name of the Caliph ‘Oh Mu’tasim’.
    A man witnessed this incident and rushed to the Caliph informing him of what had happened, when he heard the plight of this woman he responded bravely, “Labbaiki” (I am here at your call).
    He prepared a large army and set off for battle and to rescue the woman. Al-Mu’tasim’s army trounced the enemy and entered ‘Amuriyyah. After destroying the enemy stronghold, they came to the woman and freed her from her captures.
    When the woman’s call reached Caliph Al-Mu’tasim Billah and he called the emergency, they asked: “what is the matter?”
    And he said:
    “A report has reached me that one Muslim sister was attacked in a Roman city.”
    He said: “I swear by God, I will send an army that is so big that when it reaches them it is still leaving our base. And tell me the strongest city of these Romans and I will send the army to that city.”
    This was the decisive response of the Caliph when the honor of one sister was touched.
    When Al Mu’tism army conquered the Romans he insisted on opening the jail of the sister himself… and he did and when she saw him, she was amazed and he smiled and said:
    “I heard your call, sister.”
    Caliph Al-Mu’tasim sends the entire army in response to the call for help of only one Muslim woman, who was captured by the Romans, and rescues her.
    He is a celebrated example of a Muslim ruler defending Islam and the honor of Muslim men and women.
    Source: letssharestories

  3. May Allah reward your brother.
    Bahut khushi hui mera suggestion apko acha laga.
    I have one more suggestion may like it.
    How ottaman sultan helped Ireland during the great famine.
    23 years old sultan Abdul macid offered £10,000.
    The Great Famine in the mid-19th century was one of the most devastating events in Irish history. Between 1845 and 1852, potato blight hit the island’s potato crop. The potato was a staple item of food in Ireland, so many years without a good harvest led to mass starvation, disease, and the deaths of nearly a million people and emigration of another million to different parts of the world. One of the unexpected sources of aid in this crisis was the Ottoman Empire. Sultan Abdülmecid I went out of his way to try to help so he could ease the suffering of the Irish people.

    "Kya aaj Hamain aise sultan ki zararat nahi hai ?"

    Plz mention my last point if possible.

    Reference Link: http://mvslim.com/how-an-ottoman-sultan-helped-ireland-during-the-great-famine/

  4. 1 minute bhi intezar kiye baghair Suleiman us ka sar kalam kar deta rubbish yr ap us waqt ki dunya ki sab se badi saltanat ki shehzadi ki bt kr rahe hain kuch tu khayal karain hath aise hi mang liya jaise wo suleiman se nhi kisi faqeer se bt kr raha ho un kings se to koi ankh mila kr bhi bt nhi kr sakta tha aur ap kya kah rahe ho kuch tu khayal karo

  5. جزاک اللہ ۔اصل میں مجھے عثمانیوں کی تاریخ سے بہت زیادہ لگاؤ ھے

  6. hhhhhhhhjjjjjjj.kio history ka baltakar karty ho …..huram sultan ka drama copy kia hy.tora socho asal my awr drama my bohat paraq hota hay

  7. بلکل
    مہرما سلطان سلطنت عثمانیہ کی انتہائی طاقتور شہزادی تھی

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