Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna von Habsburg-Lothringen,
better known as Marie Antoinette, was an Archduchess and cónsort queen of France and Navarre. Archduchess of Austria and was the penultimate
child and youngest daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. She was born on November 2nd 1755 in Vienna,
Austria. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child
of the empress Maria Theresa and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. Little Marie Antoinette had quite a carefree
childhood. She grew up amongst palaces, next to her ten
sisters and four brothers. She had the typical education of an aristocratic
girl from the 18th century. After the Seven Year’s War in 1763, the
preservation of the weak alliance between Austria and France became a priority for the
empress Maria Theresa. Reinforcing alliances through marriage was
a very common practise between the european royal families back in the day. So, Maria Theresa decided that her daughter
would guarantee the union with France by marrying Louis-Auguste, grandson of Louis XV and heir
to the French throne. On June 13th 1769, the official proposal took
place. On April 17th 1770, Marie Antoinette renounced
her rights over her parents’ throne, and 4 days later, she left towards her new destination. They got married on May 16th 1970 in Versailles
. Young Marie Antoinette wasnt really welcomed
in France, but she tried to adapt to the local customs. In order to evade from her reality, she started
to focus on fashion and stand out for the big parties and card games where big bets
took place. She spent her first years at the Versailles
court without many responsibilities. After the death of Louis XV on May 10th 1774,
Louis-Auguste, who was 20 yearls old, succeeded him on the French throne as Louis XVI, turning
Marie Antoniette, 19 years old, into queen of France. The young king and queen of France were not
the best marriage in history, we could say, their personalities weren’t really compatible. It seems like he was quite shy while she was
lively and fun. After 7 years they still hadnt consummated
the union. Finally, in 1778, Marie Antoinette gave birth
to her first baby girl, María Theresa. 3 years later, the longed-for dauphin was
born, Louis Joseph Xavier François. In 1785, they had their third kid, Louis Charles,
the future Louis XVII, and a year later, their last child was born, Sophie Helene Beatrix,
who died when she was only 1 year old. Even tho Marie Antoniette’s attitude changed
a bit with her maternity, she didnt leave her events and parties in the beautiful Petít
Trianón, a palace built specially for her. During the 1780s, the French government had
lots of financial problems, and bad harvests werent helping either. The extravagant lifestyle of Marie Antoinette
became a popular topic and the number of critics against the queen, uncertain many times, kept
rising. In 1785, a misunderstanding with a really
expensive necklace, marked a new period of unpopularity and hate from the french population. The Queen was found guilty of an act she didnt
commit. The French Revolution was already in the making,
and the famous sentence “Let them eat cake” was spread around the country; sentence that,
suposedly Marie Antoinette had said when the people didnt even have flour to bake bread
and went to Versailles to protest. Historians have said, in several occasions,
that this is not true. On July 14th 1789, french laborers and peasants
stormed into the Bastille prison to take weapons and ammunition, marking one of the most symbolic
events of the Revolution. On October 6th that same year, a crowd got
together outside of the Palace of Versailles and demanded that the king and the queen should
be expelled. Marie Antoinette tried to collaborate with
her husband in the government, more and more damaged as time went by. But it was too late for the monarchy. After the proclamation of the constitutional
monarchy and the acceleration of the revolutionary events, the royal family decided to run away
from Paris in 1791. They were captured and made prisoners. In the summer of 1792, while France was in
war with Austria and Prussia, the king’s expulsion was requested. In September, after a month of terrible massacres
in Paris, the National Convention decided to abolish the monarchy and declare the French
Republic. After Louis XVI’s execution, who had been
condemned to die in the guilotine, Marie Antoinette was separated from her kids and locked up,
being subject to cruel interrogations. 9 months after the king’s death, she was
declared guilty of high treason and sentenced to die in the guillotine on October 16th 1973. There were lots of factors that contributed
to the financial problems in France back then, and Marie Antoinette wasnt the only reason,
but it did work as a scapegoat. Throughout history, her name has been used
as the personification of monarchy’s evil. Marie Antoinette was the last queen of France,
a symbolic figure in French history and a whole symbol of excess and frivolity.

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About the Author: Oren Garnes


  1. not to be mean or anything but vienna is written with two „n‘s“ instead of just one (how you wrote it)? just a quick sidenote

  2. everyone here is talking about Queen, but are we all gonna ignore that Hole used a pic of her as the album cover of "Nobody's Daughter"?

    edit: don't get me wrong, i love Queen, but i just wanted to adress that lmao

  3. The comments:

    99% „haha queen let them eat cake xdddd“
    1% „cool video“


    cool video btw

  4. Fantastic video! This will help my French students better understand this important French historical figure. Thank you!

  5. “Well historically she probably didn’t even mention cake she could have said Let them eat brioche” Great British Bake Off anyone?

  6. Nobody understands that she wasn't a bad person she is very misunderstood her mother sold her to a kingdom with no choice

  7. She keeps her Moët et Chandon
    In a pretty cabinet, let them eat cake she says just like Marie Antoinette * sings the song*
    people stare
    “ I think I’ll stop…”
    hums killer queen

  8. I'm sorry but the narrator is horrible. The words are slurred and the speech is boring and unmotivated.

  9. She keeps her Moet et Chandon
    In her pretty cabinet
    "Let them eat cake", she says
    Just like Marie Antoinette
    A built-in remedy
    For Kruschev and Kennedy
    At anytime an invitation
    You can't decline
    Caviar and cigarettes
    Well versed in etiquette
    Extraordinarily nice
    She's a Killer Queen
    Gunpowder, gelatin
    Dynamite with a laser beam
    Guaranteed to blow your mind
    Recommended at the price
    Insatiable an appetite
    Wanna try?
    To avoid complications
    She never kept the same address
    In conversation
    She spoke just like a baroness
    Met a man from China
    Went down to Geisha Minah
    Then again incidentally
    If you're that way inclined
    Perfume came naturally from Paris (naturally)
    For cars she couldn't care less
    Fastidious and precise
    She's a Killer Queen
    Gunpowder, gelatin
    Dynamite with a laser beam
    Guaranteed to blow your mind
    Drop of a hat she's as willing as
    Playful as a pussy cat
    Then momentarily out of action
    Temporarily out of gas
    To absolutely drive you wild, wild
    She's all out to get you
    She's a Killer Queen
    Gunpowder, gelatin
    Dynamite with a laser beam
    Guaranteed to blow your mind
    Recommended at the price
    Insatiable an appetite
    Wanna try?
    You wanna try

  10. Am I the only one that know the iconic phrase “Let them eat cake” without using Killer Queen as a reference ?

  11. The pole at the top is useless cause i never studied about hrr at school and im not french i just know about her cause i want to know about the world

  12. I've been watching a lot of The Spanish Princess on Starz, and I was hoping you'd draw the life of Catherine of Aragon.

  13. She had a house of her own and she had parties there with other men and other women. She also had a village of her own that made her feel happy and also the love dome. Her husband wasn’t allowed to go to her house.
    It’s a pretty interesting story so if you do get to travel to Paris, please go to Versailles and see the whole area and read everything. Trust me, you won’t want to miss out.

  14. I thought her hair turned completely white before her execution, that is why that one syndrome was named after her.

  15. You that her name is maria bc all arch-duchesses from austria have to be named Maria, she liked to be called by her middle name.

  16. She's my great great great great great Grandma. I have proof because my grandpa took an test and she was in our family tree. ?

  17. No one knows if she said that no one who was back then is alive so we dont know if she did or did not she probably did say it

  18. Wasn’t it decided her sister was supposed to marry but got sick and so the queen sent Marie? I’m not exactly sure if it’s true but I heard it supposedly happened

  19. One side note, I don’t think marie meant literal cake, I think in the old times they also used that word for the meaning “trash”
    If I’m wrong, please don’t correct me.

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