Building Egypt’s $58BN New City in the Sand | The B1M

Building Egypt’s $58BN New City in the Sand | The B1M

Egypt’s capital is one of the fastest-growing
cities in Africa. But despite its population exploding from
just 2.5 million people in 1950, to over 20 million people today – development of the
city’s infrastructure has lagged behind its insatiable growth. As of September 2019, Cairo has just three
metro lines and is frequently cited as one of the world’s most congested cities. Overwhelmed by the deep-rooted challenges
affecting this vast urban area, the Egyptian government are now investing USD $58BN in
constructing the country’s entire capital again, from scratch. From the great pyramids at Giza, formed in
2500 BC, to the Suez Canal constructed in the 19th Century and the Aswan High Dam built
in the 1960s – Egypt is no stranger to megaprojects. In the wake of a 2010 study by The World Bank
– which found that economic losses caused by Cairo’s congestion amounted to more than
4% of Egypt’s GDP – and following a period of political instability that affected the
progression of infrastructure projects, the country’s government took the decision to
construct an entirely new capital in 2015. Located 45 kilometres east of the original
Cairo, the as-yet-unnamed city has been under construction ever since. Set to extend over 700 square kilometres,
the new city – master planned American architecture firm Skidmore Ownings and Merrill (SOM) – will
be home to around 6.5 million inhabitants when it fully completes in 2050. Simulating major cities that have evolved
over thousands of years, Egypt’s new capital will in fact be made-up from 100 different
residential neighbourhoods – each with its own public square, local shops, schools and
religious buildings. In all, the city will boast over 1200 mosques
and churches, 553 hospitals and clinics, 40,000 hotel rooms and a vast theme park set to be
four times the size of Disneyland in California. While a high-speed rail link with Cairo is
currently under construction and set to complete in late 2020, a fleet of electric buses connect
the two settlements in the meantime. The new city has been designed with the climate
in mind. Its landscaping incorporates native plant species and follows the natural contours
of the land, while its buildings maximise natural ventilation as far as possible. A 90 square kilometre solar farm will provide
a portion of the electricity demand. A large central park – twice the length
of New York’s – will form the city’s “green spine”. The project’s first phase – extending
over 168 square kilometres – is set to include a business district with an 85-storey tower
that will become Africa’s tallest building, 20 further skyscrapers, a government quarter
housing the country’s 34 ministries and the country’s largest mosque and church. Despite its scale and ambition, the project
to construct Egypt’s new capital has not been running entirely to plan. While the first phase is now largely under
construction, it remains unclear whether the innovative design intentions outlined in the
masterplan will be fully realised. Furthermore, the second and third phases of
the project have been delayed following Chinese investor Fortune Land Development pulling
out of phase two, that is worth around USD $20BN. Beyond funding issues, critics of the project
believe it is aimed solely at Egypt’s wealthy citizens. In total, the city will feature
roughly 100,000 affordable housing units spread across eight districts. Another concern is that much needed financial
resources are being diverted from addressing Cairo’s congestion challenges, despite the
original city continuing to expand. Given these factors, it is likely that Egypt’s
new capital will prove controversial for years, if not decades to come. However, with works to the first phase progressing
at a rapid pace, it is hoped that the city will become a true business and cultural centre
as its people begin to shape its course. If you enjoyed this video and would like to
get more from the definitive video channel for construction, subscribe to The B1M.

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About the Author: Oren Garnes


  1. If there are just three metro lines, why don’t the government spend all of that money building a world class-transport system in Cairo. And improving infrastructure. To me it just looks like creating another problem because this could just end up to be another Cairo in the future. Be wise with the money.

  2. what should we do with $58billion?

    a: use the money for goodness, to improve the quality of lives for everyone around the country

    b: trying to solve clean water problem for many people around the country or any part of africa


  3. I love egyptia a beautiful country and got power 💪💚, but you must let Sissi at power he is best president here in Africa

  4. Alsisi plan is to leave the crumbling old city for the poor and the new capital for the affluent Egyptians and foreigners. The 200,000 affordable units are for the poor Egyptians who will be serving the rich like servants, guards, gardeners etc

  5. I've been watching The 1BM videos for ages, and honestly, I don't see how building this city, 45 kilometres from Cairo is going to elevate the overpopulation of the old city.
    The video states that are over 20 million people living in Cairo now, the new city will be home to 6.5 inhabitants, and during the construction of the new city, the old city continues to grow even more overcrowded. The video states the new city will over 1200 mosques, 553 hospitals & clinics, 40,000 hotel rooms, & a "vast theme park", 4 times the size of Disneyland, " where are the inhabitants going to live?" Eventually, it mentioned something about 100,000 affordable housing units, with 6.5 million people, that's 65 people in each unit. As a person looking from the goldfish bowl, this project doesn't make much sense to me, and as mentioned in the video, is aimed at Egypt's super-rich, meanwhile, Cairo will have 50 million people by 2050, when construction is due to complete.

  6. City like city. One is sure. For new city people need job and to much stuf for living. Now tell me who will make, productions this stuf for living if to many people go to live in city? Or you have to many money to import to Egypt?

  7. No chance they aren't Oil countries. An even those contries are done soon, Petrol going to die in 2030. China new water nuclear reactors. No contamination new electronic motors and friends. Going to crush petrol forever. Rip Saudi arabia USA and friends.

  8. Who would’ve thought some time ago these were just aspirations. Now the entire world is blooming new cities for it’s citizens!

  9. Man where is Egypt getting this money. The entire country looks like a war zone without there even being a war in recent memory

  10. i am egyptian and i live 20 kilos next to it, i can say that it takes all the money our government has, it useless project. we already have old and beautiful capital and we are in no need for a new one, they are only building it for upper class people and to protect the decision makers if the people initiate another revolution.

  11. Here in Toronto, Canada. We don't build new cities then move people over. Instead, we heavily develop our least developed neighborhoods. This way, people in such neighborhoods don't feel stagnated or left out and subsequently turn to crime and disobedience.

  12. This is great but they need wayyy more affordable housing for the ballooning population, also quality of living improvements with a solution to the water shortages. I can understand the thinking, Egypt is gaining wealth fast so they expect people to afford the houses. But they need fixes for current problems and not some dream city, improve what you have now and then move on.

  13. Why not fix the infrastructure and roadways in Cairo? It looks so outdated. At the least repaint some of their old high rises or add some glass panels. Probably build some new modern buildings too. Make Cairo more attractive. I'm sure it has its nice parts too that our western media wont' show.

  14. Your figures are way off. Egypt has almost 90 million pop. today. And I'm quite sure it had more than 2 mil in 1950.

  15. Its the money of the poor people .. and the rich will leave thier and will control everything .. and there will be no democracy


  17. Egypt is going back to old times they want to stop England as much germany and Ireland do the countries are going against England is high the few united states America is being conquered by me

  18. انا مصري هذا الفيديو مزيف مصر عايزة 200
    عشان تصل لهاذا الفيديو

  19. There is going to be so much corruption and lining of pockets. Nothing will be done with most of the money being stolen by the Egyptian elite.

  20. My question is, l dont think
    G_d will ever give this People smile again this (HIM) dont forget america you next to become Egypt

  21. I am still amazed all that for just $58 Billions. While there are countries who spend more or less $600 Billions for military budget alone.

  22. lol egypt is no stranger to mega projects….YEA ON THE BACKS OF OTHERS…..If we Americans have to hear it everyday that we had slaves then so can Egypt….they are NOT great

  23. lol egypt is no stranger to mega projects….YEA ON THE BACKS OF OTHERS…..If we Americans have to hear it everyday that we had slaves then so can Egypt….they are NOT great

  24. lol egypt is no stranger to mega projects….YEA ON THE BACKS OF OTHERS…..If we Americans have to hear it everyday that we had slaves then so can Egypt….they are NOT great

  25. lol egypt is no stranger to mega projects….YEA ON THE BACKS OF OTHERS…..If we Americans have to hear it everyday that we had slaves then so can Egypt….they are NOT great

  26. lol egypt is no stranger to mega projects….YEA ON THE BACKS OF OTHERS…..If we Americans have to hear it everyday that we had slaves then so can Egypt….they are NOT great

  27. The huge park is the best design choice for this new city.
    The people can cycle to work, which will keep them fit and healthy.

  28. 2:05 “And religious buildings”
    There it is… that’s why they’re not progressing, well the rich are so it kinda works out, slavery with extra steps🙃

  29. literally Where is the money coming from for this? I'm not entirely doubting it, but Egypt doesn't occur to me as the kind of country that can finance these projects like Saudi Arabia might be able to.

  30. Errr….so let me get this straight you have a country that poverty owns it not presidents and you are telling me and trying to convince me that egyptians will move there? poverty literally owns egypt how will people travel there only business men this new "capital" will only live with fake human beings who think they are the best AKA businessmen

  31. 3 things. 1) The cost of the price is literally 200 billion dollars more than Egypt's GDP which is 300 billion USD (So I think its fake). 2) Yemen I going to be way better than that when the war ends. 3) I am pretty sure that there won't be 1200 churches, because its a Muslim majority country with 95 percent Muslim and rest are Christian.

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