All About Bald Eagles for Kids: Animal Videos for Children – FreeSchool

All About Bald Eagles for Kids: Animal Videos for Children – FreeSchool


You’re watching FreeSchool! Let’s learn about bald eagles! Famously the national bird and symbol of the
United States of America, the bald eagle is a bird of prey. As birds, bald eagles are
warm-blooded, they have beaks and wings, they lay eggs, and they are covered in feathers.
Despite its name, bald eagles are not bald. Their name comes from the word ‘piebald,’
which means ‘covered in patches of light and dark colors.’ The white head and tail contrasted
with its dark body make the bald eagle easy to identify! Bald eagles are a type of sea eagle, and may
reach a body length of up to 40 inches or 102 cm, a wingspan of up to 7.5 feet or 2.3
meters, and weights reaching nearly 14 lbs or 6.3 kg. Bald eagles are the largest type
of eagle native to North America, and the only eagle that can be found only in North
America. It ranges over most of Canada and Alaska, all of the lower 48 states, as well
as parts of Mexico. Bald eagles are carnivores, eating mostly
fish, but they will also eat rabbits, beavers, geese, reptiles and crabs as well as other
creatures, and carrion – or animals that have already died. Because they prefer to eat fish,
the bald eagle can be found near large bodies of water where they can find food, with large
old trees where they can nest. Bald eagles need large, strong trees because
they build huge nests. The bald eagle builds the largest nest of any bird in North America,
and the largest tree nest of any animal in the world. The nest of a bald eagle can be
up to 13 feet or 4 meters deep, over 8 feet or 2.5 meters wide, and weigh more than a
ton. The largest nest ever measured was almost 10 feet or more than 3 meters wide and 20
feet or 6 meters deep. Bald eagles choose a mate for life, and each year the pair returns
to the same nest, making it bigger and stronger. Since eagles may live 30 years or more in
the wild, it is easy to see how these nests can become so massive. Young bald eagles, or juveniles, look dramatically
different from adults. They do not have the distinctive white head and tail until they
reach adulthood at four or five years of age. Instead, they have dark brown feathers with
varying amounts of white streaks in their plumage. The bald eagle began to be used as a symbol
for the United States of America back in 1782 when it first appeared on the Great Seal,
but it can now be found on American money, flags, documents, public buildings, and passports. The bald eagle was a common sight in the America
of the 1700s, with populations estimated to be as high as 500,000 eagles, but by the 1950s
there were just over 400 known nesting pairs of bald eagles left. The population had dropped
for several reasons. As forests were cleared across America, the bald eagles lost important
habitat. People also thought that bald eagles would kill and eat their chickens and sheep,
so tens of thousands of them were shot. Finally, a chemical called DDT, which was used to kill
insects, was poisoning the eagles and stopping them from hatching healthy chicks. In an effort to stop the bald eagle from going
extinct, Congress approved the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, and in 1967 the bald
eagle was added to the list of endangered species. In 1972 the use of DDT was banned
in the United States. With these protections in place, the eagle population began to recover,
and in 1995 the bald eagle was removed from the list of endangered species. It is thought
that there are currently 70,000 bald eagles living in North America. I hope you enjoyed learning about bald eagles
today. Goodbye till next time!

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About the Author: Oren Garnes

17 Comments

  1. Did you all know that Ben Franklin wanted the turkey to be the bird of state but we can't serve our symbols with gravy. So bald eagles were the obvious choice

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