5 Use of Energy | The Art of War by Sun Tzu (Animated)

5 Use of Energy | The Art of War by Sun Tzu (Animated)


Lesson number 1. Sun Tzu said: The control of a large force
is the same principle as the control of a few men: it is merely a question of dividing
up their numbers. WWI, 1914-1918 In World War I, the British Army grew in size
to a peak of nearly four million men. To keep the troops fed, housed, trained and
organised a system of structures and ranks were used. By dividing and subdividing an army into units
with officers in command of each, a large force can be controlled and directed regardless
of size as the principals are the same. Size management is also a problem in business. A strict hierarchy can ensure high level strategy
reaches operational management. Lesson number 2. Fighting with a large army under your command
is nowise different from fighting with a small one: it is merely a question of instituting
signs and signals. Pheidippides ran between Marathon and Athens
to give news of a military victory. The Romans dedicated entire units to military
communication and had a state run courier service, Cursus publicus. Modern day communications are now instantaneous,
regardless of distance. The important common factor is that instructions
reach the front line quickly. Hierarchies help as long as the information
is not blocked or distorted. A well-managed communications network is vital
to get information in both directions along the hierarchy, quickly and efficiently. Lesson number 3. That the impact of your army may be like a
grindstone dashed against an egg – this is effected by the science of weak points
and strong. In the biblical account of David and Goliath,
David is victorious against his much stronger opponent by hitting him with a stone in the
forehead. A strong item, such as a grindstone can be
ruined by something that appears weak, like an egg. What is required is for the physics to be
understood. Lesson number 4. Indirect tactics, efficiently applied, are
inexhaustible as Heaven and Earth, unending as the flow of rivers and streams; like the
sun and moon, they end but to begin anew; like the four seasons, they pass away to return
once more. Battle of Salamis, Greece, 480BC When the Persians tried to invade the Greeks
for the second time, they fought in the Battle of Salamis. The Persians had four times as many ships
but in the narrow stretches of water where the battle took place, their huge numbers
became a hindrance. The Greeks were able to flank the disorganised
Persian ships, resulting in a decisive Greek victory. Fighting is a direct method, challenging soldier
against soldier. There are also indirect alternative methods
to fighting, attacking from the side or rear being two examples which cause surprise and
reaction. By using numerous indirect assaults, you can
compound the confusion of your opponent, yielding an easier victory. Lesson number 5. There are not more than five musical notes,
yet the combinations of these five give rise to more melodies than can ever be heard. In a game of chess, there are only six different
types of pieces and 64 spaces on the board. However, the number of different possible
positions after four moves each is over 288 billion. In business, online ads can be tweaked endlessly
to find the most successful combination of colours, fonts, wording, audience and so on. Combinations begin with a few items that are
combined into patterns. These simple items combine into many possibilities
that may ultimately succeed or fail. Understand the elements. Design blends and patterns that suit the situation. Lesson number 6. In battle, there are not more than two methods
of attack–the direct and the indirect; yet these two in combination give rise to an endless
series of manoeuvres. Confederate General “Stonewall” Jackson
used a classic indirect flanking attack to defeat Union General Joseph Hooker, on 2nd
May 1863. By sweeping around the Union while Hooker
concerned himself with a direct threat from another general, Jackson’s initial assault
surprised the Union soldiers so much that Jackson’s battle line charged through camps
where soldiers were still resting and cooking their meals. Direct and indirect methods can be used in
various arrangements to confuse an adversary. A series of indirect feints that cause troops
to move can be followed by direct attacks into the gaps that were created. You don’t need to always invent new ways
of competing to succeed. Find new ways of combining existing methods. They can be just as successful. Lesson number 7. The direct and the indirect lead on to each
other in turn. It is like moving in a circle–you never come
to an end. Who can exhaust the possibilities of their
combination? The overconfidence and lack of preparation
led to the disastrous defeat of the English, led by Edward II, to the Scots, led by Robert
the Bruce at the Battle of Bannockburn. Victory disease refers to when complacency
or arrogance brought on by victory causes an encounter to end in disaster for a leader
and his forces. A leader may employ strategies which were
previously effective but prove disastrous against a new or smarter enemy. As yin and yang, each entity creates its opposite. Attacking the enemy creates a counter-attack. Design your battles in terms of ebbs and flows,
indirect and direct, defence and attack. Winning can lead to losing by arrogance leading
to sloppiness. Losing can lead to winning by turning sorrow
into determination. Lesson number 8. The onset of troops is like the rush of a
torrent which will even roll stones along in its course. After Scotland was conquered in 1296, an uprising
began the following year when William Wallace assassinated an English sheriff. This initial act led to a revolt spreading
through Scotland. The uprising gained momentum as men joined
Wallace to carry out raids and separate rebellions occurred elsewhere, liberating large parts
of the country. Water flows fast over and under stones, rolling
them onwards. When warriors flow fast, they will bowl over
anything in their way. Flow occurs when a rapid sequence of blows
leaves the enemy no time to recover or resist before the next attack arrives. A company can flow by releasing a superb new
product then, even before competitors bring out a response, they advance again with another,
even better replacement. Lesson number 9. The quality of decision is like the well-timed
swoop of a falcon which enables it to strike and destroy its victim. When HMS Victory slowly went into action at
the Battle of Trafalgar, she was exposed to a storm of shot and shell for several minutes
before replying with a single gun. Admiral Lord Nelson calmly waited until he
was within close range, then wrecked havoc on the enemy’s nearest ships. Like a falcon, harness self restraint to keep
from swooping on your target until the right moment. Timing is critical in many situations. The same effort will have very different effects
at different times. Lesson number 10. Energy may be likened to the bending of a
crossbow; decision, to the releasing of a trigger. Minutemen were settlers who organised themselves
forming militia groups. They trained themselves in weapons, strategy
and tactics during the American War of Independence. Their name came from their capacity to be
ready at a minute’s notice, providing highly mobile, rapidly deployed units. When you bend a bow, it has potential but
static energy. When letting go of the bow, it releases dynamic
and kinetic energy. The bent bow represents the readiness of your
fighters. The release of the bow leads quickly to them
flowing rapidly over the enemy. Your decision when to release the arrow determines
whether it hits or misses its target. Lesson number 11. Amid the turmoil and tumult of battle, there
may be seeming disorder and yet no real disorder at all; amid confusion and chaos, your array
may be without head or tail, yet it will be proof against defeat. At the Battle of the Bulge, German armoured
divisions secretly assembled near the German border smashed through American infantry divisions
in a Belgian forest. Large tanks rolled down wooded roads the allies
considered unfavourable to armoured warfare, so they were barely defended. Despite many believing the enemy was nearly
defeated, the Americans experienced the power of a German blitzkrieg; a coordinated manoeuvre
involving coordination between air and land forces. True chaos occurs when there is a loss of
control. Apparent chaos occurs where patterns cannot
be distinguished. Complex sequences of quick movement mean patterns
are hard to detect. Control amidst disorder comes with skill. This comes from learning, training and preparation. Lesson number 12. Simulated disorder postulates perfect discipline,
simulated fear postulates courage; simulated weakness postulates strength. In the Battle of Hastings, the Anglo-Saxon
force consisted of many working men called up to form an army for their kings. During the combat, the Normans pretended to
run away, then turned and cut down the Saxons when the inexperienced men chased them. You display control if you act in an unvarying
way. To show disorder, each person must be acting
differently. If your rival thinks you have lost control,
they will make mistakes. Fear leads to disorder but the risk in showing
fear is that it may spur your opposition on. To put yourself at a disadvantage takes bravery,
but by misleading the enemy in this way, you can lead them into mistakes. Lesson number 13. Thus one who is skilful at keeping the enemy
on the move maintains deceitful appearances, according to which the enemy will act. He sacrifices something, that the enemy may
snatch at it. During his conquest of Gaul, Julius Caesar
used deception in his tactics to achieve the crossing of a river. The enemy shadowed Caesar’s force from the
opposite side of the river, challenging any attempted crossing. Camping in a wood one night; when leaving
the next day, Caesar left a third of his army behind, dividing the remaining men to appear
at full strength. Once safe to proceed, the hidden army rebuilt
a damaged crossing and established a bridge. Wars can be won with little fighting using
the skill of deceit, if it is highly developed. Business can also be won using this same method. Lesson number 14. By holding out baits, he keeps him on the
march; then with a body of picked men he lies in wait for him. In 1796, a Baron commanding Austrian forces
attempted to remove the French from Verona. However, he was drawn forward by Napoleon
and in doing so, exposed his force’s flank, letting Bonaparte surround and then defeat
him. There are many forms of deceit, including
baiting and ambushes. Lure the enemy into traps to increase the
chance of achieving an easy win. Lesson number 15. The clever combatant looks to the effect of
combined energy, and does not require too much from individuals. Hence his ability to pick out the right men
and utilise combined energy. The Mongol armies used several different tactics
which, when combined, made them extremely successful in battle. They used units that would charge the enemy
and then retreat, trying to draw the enemy onto more favourable terrain. The Mongol leaders used trickery by spreading
rumours about the size of their armies. They also tried to deceive their opponents
visually by keeping several spare horses in their cavalry, mounted with dummies made of
straw. On the battlefield, the Mongols used many
other tactics to deceive the enemy, including lighting fires to act as a smokescreen and
enticing enemies into traps. Using numerous tactical methods so that their
potential is multiplied causes the enemy to be quickly overwhelmed. Combined energy provides synergy, where the
effect is greater than if the various tactics were used independently. Understand the power both of the army as a
whole and of talented individuals, and how these are best combined. This will ensure success.

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About the Author: Oren Garnes

25 Comments

  1. "Genius is fostered by energy." – Cicero

    0:00 – Lesson 1: Divide Up Numbers
    0:41 – Lesson 2: Signs & Signals
    1:28 – Lesson 3: Weak Points & Strong
    1:56 – Lesson 4: Indirect Fighting
    2:55 – Lesson 5: Combinations
    3:41 – Lesson 6: 2 Methods, Many Manoeuvres
    4:40 – Lesson 7: Neverending Possibilities
    5:41 – Lesson 8: Flow
    6:39 – Lesson 9: Quality Of Decision
    7:19 – Lesson 10: Potential and Kinetic Energy
    8:06 – Lesson 11: The Power Of Disorder
    9:10 – Lesson 12: Simlutaion & Postulation
    10:04 – Lesson 13: Keeping the Enemy Moving
    10:56 – Lesson 14: Using Baits
    11:31 – Lesson 15: Combined Energy

  2. "Victorious warriors win first and then go to war, while defeated warriors go to war first and then seek to win."
    Really like your videostyle, the music choice is on point!

  3. Happy to see this
    Please make a video on "War as I knew it". Atleast check it out.
    I couldn't afford it as it is costly

  4. for that one Jackson example if he ran in to general grant and his asemtrical way of fighting he would have been grounded down in to paste cause grant will not leave any place and will make him fight for every peace of ground in all directions and that is what no one can stop not even lee can stop that style of fighting.

  5. This is a bad episode – the grindstone and egg analogy is just neglected – understanding the physics will not help. Wasn't illusion part of this?

  6. 0:20
    >Rank: Private
    >Command: None
    >Men Under Command: 0

    This is objectively false. What a private has under their command is their self, making the number of men in their command to a flat 1.
    They may be taking strategic commands from their NCO, but they are directly responsible for their own combat effectiveness and their own performance as much as their superiors are responsible for enabling it.

  7. 10:56 "It's under crimson skies
    Hell's horizon
    Our trap will spring

    Unaware of our presence, they'll be marching
    Straight to their doom!"

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